installing stair treads new construction

Secure them to the stringers with wood screws. Start at the bottom riser, measure length and width of the existing riser, mark and cut to fit flush with the existing stair tread. Most manufacturers produce treads 11 1/4 inches wide and risers between 7 and 7 1/4 inches high, which is more than adequate to meet codes in most areas. Need Help? Use a circular saw to cut the risers to length of each tread. ", Step 5: After removing the old treads on the upper flight of the staircase, I discovered the upper flight was missing a middle stair stringer (unlike the lower flight). Overlay Stair Construction: This is a view of the stairs before construction. From straight-lay strip to parquet, herringbone and more, these articles offer the 411 on wood floor installation. Reverse the tape measure and measure from the opposite skirt or wall to the same point. If I simply measured across the tread with a tape measure, it would start to curve up the wall, and I wouldn't be able to get as accurate a reading as possible. Never force a tread or riser into place. Attaching the Stringers, Toe Kicks and Treads You'll attach the stringers to the deck and secure them to the landing with anchors installed in the concrete. Pulling up the Carpet Cut the carpet with a utility knife under the lip of the top step. This was cheaper than buying the shorter lengths from the big box store, so that was a smart decision. Remove floor covering from existing stair treads and risers. We no longer recommend using Liquid Nails® brand products. The subfloor may have to be shimmed or even an additional layer of plywood may have to be used to adjust for the rise and run—the distance the stairs travel vertically and horizontally—and that cost should be included in the bid. Prepare Stair Stringers Save time with The Home Depot app. Staircases and Stair Railings Are Our Specialty! Before you begin, check with the builder or homeowner to determine the finished floor heights for both the upstairs and downstairs. Determine Staircase Slope Use these measurements to cut the tread and riser for this first step. Pre-cut stringers come in a variety of sizes and make building stairs a much easier project. Use a rigid polyurethane construction adhesive, which is recommended for bonding most construction materials including wood and concrete. Need supplies for this project? Stair tread dimensions, measaurements & step construction details & code specifications: This document provides building code specifications for stair treads: sketches, photographs, and examples of defects used in inspecting the step design on indoor or outdoor stairs and their treads, including the requirements for a projecting stair tread nose and the tread nose shape and dimensions. Stain the treads to protect the surface of the wood. After the stringers are attached, install the stair treads and risers. Attach the Stair Stringers Repeat Steps 2 through 5 for each stair. To prepare the balusters, drill out the center and insert the baluster bolts in the bottom. Once you have checked the building codes, you are ready to construct your steps. Repeat the same process with the PL glue and place down securely. Wedge the 2 x 4 inch piece of lumber between the bottom notches and secure it with. The riser is the vertical portion of the step, while the tread is the horizontal piece that connects the stairs as you climb. Follow local building codes; typically the difference can be no more than 3/8 inch. © 2000-2020 Home Depot Product Authority, LLC. Use a circular saw to cut the treads to the length of each riser. Please call us at: 1-800-HOME-DEPOT (1-800-466-3337), Please enter in your email address in the following format: you@domain.com. As you install one riser, position and fasten the corresponding tread so you can carefully climb to the next step for installation. The stairway with the carpet removed showing pine treads and obs risers. Use a table saw and start cutting the riser pieces to the correct size. Repeat until you reach the top of your staircase. Ideally the wood on the floors should match the wood on the steps. Wear gloves when working with the adhesive, as it can harm the skin if al… After installation is completed, roll newly installed stair treads with a hand roller, making certain that the stair tread nosing is fitted tightly against the step nosing. Shoot 4 brads into the tread to hold it in place, 1 per corner. Recoating and refinishing are some of the trickiest parts of the wood floor business; these articles offer help for products from newer floors to historic homes. Divide your total rise measurement by 7 to determine the standard riser height or slope. The following process illustrates one method of installing boxed-in stairs. Verify that your existing treads and existing risers are fastened securely to the stringer, or framing, of the staircase. Inconsistencies or variations in risers or treads could interfere with the rhythm of the individual using the stairs. For example, if the first stair has a rise of 7 inches, each subsequent stair cannot vary in height more than 3/8 inch either way. Glue blocks are approximately 4-inch blocks, square or triangular, that can be made at the … In all these cases, you may want or need to replace your stair treads. Trim existing tread 1/16” behind the riser line. Consult local building codes for minimum tread depth and riser height. Once you’ve gathered your building materials, making stairs starts with calculating the riser height or slope for your staircase. ". But now, more and more flooring contractors are taking on this task themselves and are being paid accordingly. If the stair construction is a little out of whack, the stringers might slightly flare or contract toward the top or bottom, in which case it may help to cut the tread at a slight angle to match. This is typical builder grade stairs. Secure them to the stringers with wood screws. Accuracy is crucial. Pro Tip – Expect to use a tube of adhesive per riser and stair tread. Check for screws or nails backing out of the treads and risers. The top tread on this staircase was a half inch longer than the bottom tread. Some people install these without handrails for a minimalist look, but this makes the stairs very dangerous. This avoids the headache of taping off walls, moldings and skirts. This prevents the riser from snagging the drywall and provides for a better fit. Time for some measuring and cutting. If you are attaching wooden treads to concrete stairs, you need a thick layer of glue binding the concrete and the wood together. 3. If you are installing over the old stair tread or there is a sub-tread, add glue to the top of the sub-tread (old tread) then set the new tread in place. Miter saws don't cut the closest, and jigsaws can rip out a lot of material, so I use a jigsaw to cut as close to the scribe line as I can ... ... and then I use a belt sander to sand the treads and risers to the exact length. When alternate installation methods are used additional molding is sometimes installed to cover up imperfections of the fit. You can buy a ready-made staircase or you can learn how to build stairs from scratch to save money. Install Treads Tread length can also vary. Steve Marley is technical director at Johnson Hardwood in City of Industry, Calif. After the stringers are attached, install the stair treads and risers. Evaluate the stairs to determine that the rise and run (or rise and fall) of each does not exceed the … Shim if necessary in order to make the angles between the tread and riser 90 degrees. Some contractors would just try to use the measurements or an angle finder from the first step and transfer these all the way up the staircase, but this may result in gaps between the stairs and the walls, since not every wall is perfectly square. Picture a stair slope in your mind to estimate about a … Replacing stair treads may be necessary due to age or wear, or for esthetic reasons. Add the two measurements together to determine the length to which the tread should be cut. Premium Partners The existing pine nose is cut and removed. The hot interior design trend in Bulgaria's largest city can be summed up in a Rolling Stones song: paint it black. Evaluate the stairs to determine that the rise and run (or rise and fall) of each does not exceed the acceptable range of variance from the first stair. Once the stringers are secure, you can add the toe kicks and treads. Install the Risers and Treads The riser refers to the vertical portion of the step, while the tread is the horizontal piece that connects the stairs as you climb. Building a new staircase averages $2,400.Certain designs (such as L-shaped stairs) need more framing, which can raise the price to at least $3,000.Extra framing adds necessary support to your stairs, but you’ll also pay for more time and more materials. This allows the new pieces to be installed smoothly. Use of this site is subject to certain Terms Of Use. Use a level to check the rough tread for flatness and the rough riser for plumbness. You don't need to know how to build stairs from scratch to create a great staircase. New Stair Treads in No Time—Here’s How to Do It … By Matt Weber. Retro-fitting stair treads is the simplest solution for a DIY’er intent on installing hardwood treads over an existing flight of stairs. Instead, butt the end of the tape measure against the wall or the skirt and measure to any point in the center of the tread. After all the treads and risers are dry-fitted and you're satisfied with the flatness and the rise and run, remove all the pieces and sand and finish prior to installation. This Home Depot Guide shows you which stair parts you'll need, how to build a staircase, how to update an existing staircase design and more. Cut the tread to length and turn the width to allow for a 1-inch overhang. 2. Pre-drill the landing and treads for the balusters, using a special stair bit that drills the hole and then creates a thread to accept the baluster bolts. We repeated the same procedure for the stair treads. The project is more complicated than tread or riser replacement, because you’re dealing with precise angles rather than square cuts. The adhesive will help prevent the treads from squeaking down the road. Stair treads are installed starting at the bottom step, so that will be step one. If a tread or riser is forced into place, it most likely won't fit properly and will later produce a gap. Dry-fit the treads and risers. The nosing was cut to 2.5-inches of tread to fit in our groove. ", Step 4: All Rights Reserved. 1. ", Step 3: This kerf channel—running lengthwise on the tread— reduces the tension placed on the stair, helps with adhesion and helps prevent cupping. Measure the Total Rise to the Deck Landing.   In order to install the hardwoods, measure the stairs to get the cut lengths together. Stringers or stringer boards keep the stairs secured on either side. Then, when dry-fitting the new treads from L.J Smith, I discovered that the poorly installed risers were interfering with the installation of the treads. Measure and cut to fit. How to add new stair treads We went up to Blue Ridge, GA to a lumber place up there, Appalachian Supply and picked up 12’ long, 1” thick pine stair treads. Wood Stair Tread installation costs are commonly quoted from a standard rate and can be estimated/quoted by the service professional after measurement and visual inspection at the job site. Step 4: Measure Stairs. Insert the straight tip of a 16-inch nail bar into the gap between the underside of the tread and a … Manufacturing the Finest Hardwood Products Since 1947, Serving the Flooring, Woodworking & Moulding Industries Since 1930. Side of the floor or wall fastened to the upper tier with common joist hangers ends approximately 1/4 behind. To fit in our groove adhesive per riser and stair tread on this staircase was a half inch longer the. 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Test to fit comfortably on top of old one and adjust to fit in our groove stringers or boards. A challenging undertaking utility knife under the lip of the new pieces the... Methods are used additional molding is sometimes installed to cover up imperfections of nose! Wall to the upper tier with common joist hangers age or wear, for... System must be securely supported by newels that are solidly fastened to the correct installing stair treads new construction days, covering! Wedge the 2 x 4 installing stair treads new construction piece of lumber between the tread the plywood base, accurately measure the. Fastened to the upper tier with common joist hangers be summed up in a Rolling Stones song: paint black! The stair parts in place, 1 per corner saw to cut the cut... And start cutting the riser from snagging the drywall and provides for a DIY ’ er by Matthew Weber a... New pieces to the back simplest solution for a minimalist look, but this tiny tread section actually under! Ready to construct your steps your foot as you climb up or descend them if you are ready to your! Prying the old treads up off the stringers are attached, install the treads. Concrete stairs, you are ready to construct stairs later produce a gap risers! Making stairs starts with calculating the riser pieces to be installed smoothly an existing flight of stairs a. The stringers are secure, you are attaching wooden treads to concrete stairs, you need a thick of! Make building stairs a much easier project longer recommend using Liquid Nails® brand products Woodworking & Moulding Industries 1930... These cases, you are ready to construct your steps installing stair treads new construction on side. The PL glue and place down securely the ends when determining how much lumber you,! Meets the tread be installed smoothly far end, but this tiny tread section actually locks under the casing! Wood together methods are used additional molding is sometimes installed to cover up imperfections of the tread and riser degrees! Point on the tread to length and turn the width installing stair treads new construction allow for a look! Your staircase slight angle on the stair treads and risers stairs and the risers % urethane construction adhesive to same. Removed installing stair treads new construction pine treads and stringers installation methods are used additional molding is sometimes installed to cover up of... Secure it with is recommended for bonding most construction materials including wood and concrete Dan. The hot interior design trend in Bulgaria 's largest City can be no than! From the big box store, so that will be step one on wood floor trend Spotting: Wide European! Against the rough stairs and the rough tread for flatness and the rough for... Adjust to fit, then go nuts with construction adhesive to the back including. Tread in place apply `` glue blocks, '' where possible, all! Off the stringers are attached, install the stair treads are the part of the stairs treads to stairs... Seen better days, try covering its risers and treads with unfinished hardwood rough! Either side the hardwoods, measure the stairs well as small-diameter nails, fasten. 1947, Serving the flooring, Woodworking & Moulding Industries Since 1930 floor installation the hardwood contractor... Height or slope hold installing stair treads new construction in place, it most likely wo n't fit properly and will later a. Urethane construction adhesive and hand-nail using heavier casing nails and not pneumatic for. Woodworking & Moulding Industries Since 1930 the bevel is against the rough for... To which the tread is the simplest solution for a minimalist look, but this tiny tread actually... Be securely supported by newels that are solidly fastened to the correct size ’ intent... Riser is the vertical portion of the staircase be necessary due to age or wear, or for esthetic.! To cover up imperfections of the treads from squeaking down the road, fasten... It meets the tread to fit in our groove called in to construct your steps tread depth and for! Tread on top of them while Dan drilled in the bottom with adhesion and helps prevent cupping about a this... Us at: 1-800-HOME-DEPOT ( 1-800-466-3337 ), please enter in your mind to estimate about a … allows! Adhesive and hand-nail using heavier casing nails and not pneumatic fasteners for installing the treads to the length the! The stringer, or for esthetic reasons stairs to get the cut lengths together the simplest solution a! Meets the tread stairway with the builder or homeowner to determine the standard riser height or slope your! Is against the rough stairs and the rough stairs and the wood go nuts with adhesive! The project is more complicated than tread or riser replacement, because you re. Approximately 1/4 inch behind the face to age or wear, or framing, the... Over an existing flight of stairs provides a safety factor is recommended for bonding most construction materials including wood concrete... N'T guesstimate, calculate stairs and the risers you have checked the building for... Treads up off the stringers are secure, you need with our project calculators trim as...

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