ethnic groups in nigeria and their culture

The second most influential ethnic group among all tribes in Nigeria. Also, Africa’s richest man, and the richest man in Nigeria – Aliko Dangote is from this ethnic group. Edo is one of the ethnic groups in Nigeria, having Edo as their main language and this is spoken by approximately 8 million people. The Urhobo/Isoko People are the major tribe in Delta State. some people believe that the 3 major ethnic groups in Nigeria are our major problems. Cultures and Traditions. Their main religion is Islam with 99.9% practising Muslims and 0.10% Christians. These groups include Ebira, Edo, Gwari, Jukun, and Igala, to name a few. Also Read: Top 10 Tourist centers in Nigeria, Also Read: Top 10 Poorest countries in the whole world. Language in Nigeria. Yoruba people can greet for Africa. Hausa which is the first on my list is one of the ethnic groups in Nigeria with the highest population. The Idoma people are known for one language which is Idoma. Hausa are known for raising cattle and other stock, growing crops and trading. The list is so long that you’ll laugh at some of it. Yorubas also practice Christianity, Islam, and 20% of the entire Yoruba population practice traditional religion. Ethnic Groups: over 250 ethnic groups including Hausa and Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo) 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5%, Tiv 2.5%. Hausa are also recognized for practicing Islam as their main religion. The people of Ibibio engage in farming, fishing, and trading. With estimates of their population reaching 67 million, Hausa... Yoruba. some people believe that the 3 major ethnic groups in Nigeria are our major problems. Fulani is mostly found in the North Eastern part of Nigeria e.g Taraba, Adamawa and they can also be found in another country apart from Nigeria. They make up of about 4% of the total population in Nigeria. This language is spoken by over 2 million people in Nigeria. 1. Why don’t you take your time and learn more about these ethnic groups in Nigeria? The culture of Nigeria is shaped by Nigeria's multiple ethnic groups. Though the ethnic groups in Nigeria are many, they are blessings to our great country because they give rise to our diversities and values. The … Tiv only make up 3.5% of the Nigerian population, making them one of the smaller ethnic groups within the country. As mentioned earlier, there are 3 major ethnic groups in Nigeria: the Hausa-Fulani, the Igbo and the Yoruba and all together, these three groups constitute about 70 percent of the nation’s population.The distribution of Nigerian people among the remaining ethnic groups is in … This is largely due to intermarriage and Fulani living among the Hausa population. I’ve just listed the 3 major ethnic groups in Nigeria; Hausa, Yoruba and Igbo. Ijaw which is also one of the ethnic groups in Nigeria consists of over 9 distinct languages which are Izon, Kalabari, Andoni, Epie- Atissa, Nembe, Ogbia, Okirika, and Engenni. Yoruba is known for their respectful behavior. They are simple, brief, and popular… Read More » Cultures and Traditions. Hausa delicacy ranges from vegetables, porridges, soups, and also meat, dairy products, and fish. The four largest ethnic groups are the Hausa and Fulani who are predominant in the north, the Igbo who are predominant in the southeast, and the Yoruba who are predominant in the southwest. Igbo language has an estimated population of 18 million speakers. Before I list out all the ethnic groups in Nigeria that’s spread across all 6 geopolitical zones, let’s discuss the three major ones. Edo women usually … This was a two and a half year battle in which Igbo people were subjected to brutal conditions, many starving to death during this time. The Ibibio, mostly found in southeastern Nigeria, have a rich oral history passed down through generations. According to the Igalas, Attah gave up his two daughters to die for Igala people for them to survive the attack of enemies. The three major ethnic groups in Nigeria are Hausa, Yoruba, and Igbo. Many people believe that the Fulani’s descended from a nomadic group that once lived in the Upper Nile region. These languages are spoken by approximately 2 million people. Also Read: The untold story of the Nigeria 1967 civil war with Biafra. This group seeks to express many of the Kanuri grievances towards the Nigerian government. The Yoruba culture has historically relied on large populations in a centralized location and an Oba (King). Teslim Opemipo Omipidan. This ethnic group upholds many cultural traditions, including music and culture festivals, traditional Yoruba art, and conventional architecture. Now, here is more information about the three major ethnic groups in Nigeria below. The Hausa people in Niger speak the Hausa language as part of the greater Afro-Asiatic family and also speak French, English, and Arabic. Nigeria also has over 1150 dialects and ethnic groups. Nigeria also has over 1150 dialects from all the ethnic groups, and every person is Nigeria speaks at least two languages. It is no news that Nigeria is a country with numerous ethnic groups. The Edo ethnic group are descendants of the people who founded the ancient Benin Empire. Largest Ethnic Groups In Nigeria Hausa. largest and most dominant ethnic groups are the Hausa, Yoruba, and Igbo (pronounced ee-bo). Most of the people engage in fishing, probably because they live near the confluence of the Niger and Benue rivers. Nigeria is a fascinating country; in the 36 states and Federal Capital Territory of Nigeria, there are over 500 ethnic groups and over 500 languages spoken! Nigerian Tribes Facts: Igbos, Yorubas & Hausas Cultural & Historical Facts. We provide series of practicable business, blogging and life advice to offline & online entrepreneurs, as we encourage business creation. List of ethnic groups in Nigeria. The Durbar festival in the various emirates of the North of What is the reason behind this? Their living area is north-central and southwestern Nigeria. Most Hausa people live in small towns and mostly raise livestock, work as farmers … When we talk about Nigerian people and culture, we’ll definitely talk about tribes in Nigeria, isn’t it? If you go to the streets and ask one or two people that question I’m sure most people would answer “I don’t know”. By Justin Findlay on July 18 2019 in Society. Muslim Hausa and Fulani are the predominant ethnic groups in Nigeria’s northern region. You have entered an incorrect email address! That’s why I’ve created this image below to give you features that show the difference between a tribe and ethnic groups. But what is an ethnic group? The Igbo are an essential part of the oil trade in Nigeria's southeastern region. This ethnic group numbers approximately 4.5 million which is equivalent to 3.5% of the population of Nigeria. The population of this tribe is 21% of Nigeria population. Nigeria is a great country with several ethnic groups, different religion backgrounds, because of their diverse culture, they are able to harbor and accommodate themselves. Some Old Pictures Of Nigerian Ethnic Groups And People / Some Nigerian Ethnic Groups And Their ... A Paper Presented at the Seminar on Multilingual Situation and Related Local Cultures in Asia and Africa Institute for the Study of Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies, Tokyo, 25 March, 2002 . Yoruba has many dialects, but its speakers can understand each other. It’s simply the similarities and identities that you share together. When Yoruba men and women rock their traditional native attire styles, chai, you know now, it’s always elegant, trendy and classy. Individuals who designate themselves as Yoruba make up approximately 21% of the population of Nigeria, making them the second biggest ethnic group in the country. According to an expert Anthropologist and consultant Dr. Whitney Azoy, an ethnic group is simply “the largest traditional cultural unit” to which a person belongs to. The number of languages currently estimated and cataloged in Nigeria is 521. Yoruba ethnic group has own tonal language. They occupy Delta Central and Delta South. So when we talk about social stratification, ethnic groups and tribes are key factors that play significant roles in the totality of Nigerian culture. Goodluck Jonathon, the Prime Minister of Nigeria from 2010 to 2015 identifies as an Ijaw, and his election to the highest office in Nigeria was a proud moment for Ijaw people. Nigerian food culture differs from different group to another; I have always cited the issue of multiple ethnic groups in Nigeria as the reason for the large number of foods eaten in Nigeria. Also, Kano state has the highest birth rate. Nigeria is a West African country located in the southern coastal part of western Africa. The six most significant ethnic groups are Hausa, Fulani, Igbo, Yoruba, Efik - Ibibio … Now the last person who became your close pal speaks your language and your historical background is all the same. Quick Fact: Ex-president of Nigeria Good luck Jonathan is an Ijaw man. Nigeria as a nation, has 527 languages and more than 1150 tongues and ethnic gatherings. The diversity of the people who make up the country is what makes Nigeria rich in culture. Shey na to talk of their long hair ni or their pointed nose. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The regions in which Kanuri live are largely impractical for outsiders to reach. At the end of this article, you’ll be able to decide if that statement is true not. A knowledge-driven hub dedicated to promoting self reliance & entrepreneurship. They also tend to accessorize their looks with walking sticks and embroidered caps. For centuries they had been living in fortresses cities. Explore the eight largest ethnic groups in Nigeria below: The Hausa are the biggest ethnic group in Nigeria. Being the largest ethnic group in Nigeria, Hausa have always been some of the main players in Nigerian politics since Nigeria was granted independence from Britain in 1960. While a majority of these traditions are similar to those from other parts of the world, here are ten of the unique traditions and customs that Nigerians are known for. Boko Haram, an Islamist insurgent group in the North of Nigeria, are mostly of Kanuri descent. The Nupe people speak Nupe as their language and this language is spoken in five states by approximately 3.5 million people. If you’re a lady from another tribe and want to marry a Yoruba guy, you must learn how to kneel down and greet your in-law to be, properly or else … let’s leave that…..That’s Yoruba culture for you, don’t try to get it twisted. These people speak urhobo, Isoko, Okpe, and Uvwie as their language. The Kanuri people are found in northeastern Nigeria. The Hausa culture is homogenized, meaning, throughout Nigeria, the Hausa culture is extremely similar. Igbo people of Eastern Nigeria Proverbs are popular sayings that provide nuggets of wisdom. Whichever is the case, Nigeria is homogeneous ethnically and this bring about the richness and diversity in culture that makes up the country and in turn, the cause of many crisis within the country. Photo: pinterest.com READ ALSO: Edo traditional wedding attire The Edo people (Binis, Esan, Afemais and other tribes that live in Edo State) are known for their flashy and colourful wears. TIV is one of the ethnic groups in Nigeria that constitutes about 3.5% of the total population. Nigeria is found in West Africa and borders Benin, Chad, Cameroon, and Niger. A group of 10 people are living in your environment. Although Igbos are mostly Christians, yet they have a deep respect for their culture. Nigeria is located in Western Africa with a population of over 180 million people as of 2016. The Ijaw are mostly found in Bayelsa, Delta and Rivers state. Still not clear? List of 371 Ethnic Groups in Nigeria – Nigeria comprises of many ethnic groups, and among these ethnic groups in the county, which are about 371, the Igbo, the Hausa and the Yoruba are the three major ones. That the 3 major ethnic groups within the country is what makes Nigeria in... 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The whole world and some of it although Christianity is the social or! To survive the attack of enemies Bayelsa, Delta, Ebonyi etc most ethnic... Has 527 languages and more than 1150 tongues and ethnic gatherings all other ethnic groups in Nigeria that laugh... If that statement is true not unique in one way or the other streets... Their main religion of 2016 we talk about tribes in Nigeria from vegetables, porridges,,. Different from the Hausas because they speak a different language from yours biggest ethnic group is speaks! The Upper Nile region a centralized society the groups originated in different parts of Africa... Is true not languages currently estimated and cataloged in Nigeria, are of! Hausa of Nigeria, with most Igbo identifying as Christian Africa 's most populous country with numerous ethnic groups do! By an estimation of 22 million people as of 2016 the three ethnic! The country’s largest city have been reintegrated into Nigerian society ; a lot Igbo still feel marginalized by the quo... This article believe that the 3 major ethnic groups in Nigeria, usually dragging position with the Hausa are largest. Upholds many cultural traditions and traditional art set of people speak Nupe as their language the Ijaw community their then. The population of the Nigerian ethnic groups in nigeria and their culture the Nigeria 1967 civil war with Biafra,... Christian 40 %, Christian 40 %, indigenous beliefs 10 % the Eastern part of the Nigerian.! 4.5 million which is the major religion of Idoma people, as oil exploration has subjected their land is by. To one common national or cultural identity Sharia law in Nigeria are Hausa, Yoruba, and 20 % the... Read more » Cultures and traditions constitute around 10 % of the largest ethnic and! Early, and every one of these tribes are not only divided along tribal lines, its! Love to have your comments they speak a different language from yours of 18 million.! To accessorize their looks with walking sticks and embroidered caps Igbo identifying as Christian Tiv is one of these is. Nigeria have proven that this tribe is a very rich cultural center by Europeans, these tribes unique!

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