ethiopian civil war

Ahmed, who just last year was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, said he was left with no choice but to wage war after TPLF soldiers attacked Ethiopia’s military. He said rough terrain will make it difficult for aid and personnel to reach the remote region, and that resources for the refugees were already in short supply. Within months he brokered peace with neighboring Eritrea to end a violent, two-decades-long standoff between the nations. If precedent is any indication, the outlook for their swift and peaceful return to Ethiopia isn’t good. “That area is prone to refugees,” Bisschop said — some 100,000 of them, according to the UNHCR. The Guardian's Jason Burke explains what sparked the conflict, why it threatens to destabilise the Horn of Africa – and examines how the prime minister, Abiy Ahmed, the continent's youngest leader, has gone from winning a Nobel peace prize to presiding over a bloody conflict against the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF), Jason Burke, Ethiopian MPs back plan to replace Tigray government Addis Ababa’s military move came after months of feuding between the federal government and the … “He’s part of the problem. This story originally appeared in Los Angeles Times. “The government must restore all communication to Tigray as an act of accountability and transparency for its military operations in the region,” Muchena said. Ethiopia: Civil War and Nation Building in the 21st Century. “I am hoping for peace,” said Hiwot. Ten buses had arrived to bus residents of Tigrayan ethnicity to safety, leaving thousands of worried residents behind. ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia - Ethiopia approached civil war on Wednesday as its Nobel Peace Prize-winning prime minister ordered the military to … “This reinforces the government narrative that they’re not fighting a war against some political opponent they fell out with, but that they’re fighting a war against a brutal junta that uses terrorism to maintain its power.”. Several told The Times that the conflict was liable to escalate as different ethnic militias chose their allegiances and prepared for battle. Ethiopia risks falling into an ethnic civil war with regional implications We sincerely hope not, but we can see the potential for increased inter-communal conflict in that area if Tigrayans end up defending their land against attempted Amhara annexation,” Davidson said, in reference to fears that ethnic or regional forces are taking advantage of the conflict to seize territory. They’re sleeping in the open,” Bisschop said. Viewer Discretion is advised: Famine and war threaten the Ethiopian revolution: Famine in the desert region of Ogaden, and war in the prince of Eritrea. "Our law enforcement operations in Tigray are proceeding as planned: operations will cease as soon as the criminal junta is disarmed, legitimate administration in the region restored, and fugitives apprehended & brought to justice," the prime minister wrote on Nov. 10. As Ethiopia descends into civil war, civilians by the thousands begin to stream out. “But I worry a lot of lives will be lost. But Tigrayans balked after Ahmed dissolved the ruling coalition to form a new political party, dismissed all the Tigrayans from his Cabinet, and postponed national elections scheduled for August. Kushner is a special correspondent based in Nairobi. Experts warn that remittances may become more important than ever as the current conflict in Ethiopia gives way to extended economic hardship. But Sudan can be a perilous place for ethnic minorities and people besieged by war. All rights reserved. Currently more than 250,000 Ethiopian immigrants and their children live in the United States — more than from any other African country except Nigeria. “We are in need of everything — food, fresh water. More live in California than any other state, with at least 7,000 in the Los Angeles metropolitan area. From: Inside Story Is Ethiopia heading for a civil war? Hundreds of soldiers on both sides are said to have been killed since the fighting began. “If the war continues like this, it is inevitable that people will have to flee — flee to Somalia, Kenya, Sudan.”, “They’re not coming with a lot of possessions, and this is the worry,” Axel Bisschop, a UNHCR representative in Sudan, told The Times on a call from Khartoum. “Is this mass killing a precursor for how this is going to play out? The confrontation between Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and the Tigray State will have profound national and regional ramifications for decades to come. © 2020 Guardian News & Media Limited or its affiliated companies. Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed sleepwalked into a civil war. We need to be prepared when it comes to COVID. ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia (AP) — Ethiopia approached civil war on Wednesday as its Nobel Peace Prize-winning prime minister ordered the military to confront the country’s well-armed Tigray regional government, accusing it of a deadly attack on a military base and declaring “the last red line has been crossed” after months of alleged provocations. By some estimates the TPLF may have as many as 250,000 soldiers, many of them battle-hardened from years of fighting against Eritrea. On Saturday in the Ethiopian immigrant neighborhood Eastleigh in Nairobi, Kenya, men sat sipping Ethiopian coffee at sidewalk cafes as they scoured WhatsApp for messages and news from their homeland. https://www.theguardian.com/world/video/2020/nov/19/why-is- On Nov. 9, dozens if not hundreds of civilians were slashed with machetes and many were killed during a massacre in the town of Mai-Kadra in the southwest Tigray region, according to Amnesty International. Power and water have been cut to the region's capital, Mekelle, home to nearly half a million people. It is likely to define the very structure, character, and identity of the Ethiopian state for years. “Eritrean refugees hosted there have been there for a very, very long time and are almost integrated into Sudan as such,” he said. Ethiopian authorities have detained several journalists in recent months, including at least one who was reporting on the conflict in Tigray the day the fighting began. Each year, the Ethiopian diaspora in the United States sends hundreds of millions of dollars in remittances back to Ethiopia. Nikhita Chulani, Thu 19 Nov 2020 16.22 GMT As Ethiopia's Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed sends troops into the country's northern Tigray region, the country could be on the brink of a civil war. From peace prize to civil war The Prime Minister of Ethiopia, Abiy Ahmed, won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2019, for bringing to an end a 17-year conflict with northern neighbour Eritrea. Its government has previously expelled humanitarian aid workers, nongovernmental organizations, human rights organizations and even UN officials. Ongoing violence between the national army and forces loyal to the leaders of the northern Tigray region has prompted fears that Ethiopia is on the brink of a civil war. Ethiopia Edges Toward Civil War As Federal Government Orders Attack On Tigray Region Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed said forces of the Tigray People's Liberation Front, which controls Ethiopia… Press freedom watchdogs fear Ahmed’s blackout is meant to obscure information from reaching the public. But right now, “our priority is to make sure that the border remains open.”. Ethiopia: it’s civil war The clash between the federal government and the regional government of Tigray which has seen reduced political and economic power of the region and the power of the TPLF is likely to lead to a confrontation at the national level. Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed is facing a leadership test as he starts an offensive against the Tigray region. People are suffering, dying.”, Tolera cited rumors that Oromo and Tigrayan opposition forces — longtime enemies — are now joining forces against Ethiopia’s military. “Anybody who comes to our home to take, we are ready to defend ourselves.”. Ahmed said this month’s airstrikes were in retaliation for attacks by the TPLF that sought to steal weaponry and equipment from Ethiopia’s military and which left an unknown number of soldiers wounded and dead. Jacob Kushner. The Ethiopian Civil War began on 12 September 1974 when the Marxist Derg … Experts warn the conflict risks spoiling a delicate peace in the region and could escalate into a full-blown civil war. Civil War in Ethiopia: Who, what, why? Not only my family, but for all people.”. Published Nov. 5, 2020 Updated Nov. 18, 2020 Ethiopia has been careening toward civil war since early November when its military stepped up … Ethiopia is approaching civil war as its Nobel Peace Prize-winning prime minister has ordered the military to confront the country’s well-armed Tigray regional government Within hours of the airstrikes, reports surfaced that “a segment of the federal military was either forcefully taken over or defected to the Tigrayan side,” Davidson said — as many as 15,000 soldiers, by some accounts. Read full article. We need more masks.”. ETHIOPIAN CIVIL WAR The Ethiopian civil war, between the Ethiopian government and nationalists from Eritrea (an Ethiopian province along the Red Sea), has raged off and on and has been tightly interconnected with Ethiopia's internal political problems and conflict with neighboring Somalia. Refugees from the Tigray region of Ethiopia wait to register at the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in Hamdayet, Sudan, on Nov. 14. “TPLF commanders and officials must make clear to their forces and their supporters that deliberate attacks on civilians are absolutely prohibited and constitute war crimes,” said Amnesty International’s regional director Deprose Muchena, while the UN’s human rights chief warned that the killings may constitute “war crimes.”, “Ethnically motivated attacks and reportedly ethnic profiling of citizens constitute a dangerous trajectory that heightens the risk of genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity,” the UN warned. “We are urging governments in the neighboring countries to keep their borders open for people forced from their homes,” said UNHCR Regional Bureau Director Clementine Nkweta-Salami. Ethiopia’s civil war in Tigray: What you need to know about who’s fighting whom and the toll it’s taken so far. “Civilians caught in the crossfire always pay the price, especially children, women, elders and the disabled.”. NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) — Suddenly Ethiopia appears on the brink of civil war, threatening the stability of one of the world’s most strategic regions, the Horn of Africa, and the fracturing of one of Africa’s most powerful and populous countries. He said it’s crucial that a camp be established far enough from the border to protect refugees from spillover fighting. In early November, Ethiopia’s Parliament labeled the TPLF a terrorist organization, complicating any attempt at negotiating peace. On Saturday Ethiopia ordered thousands of its soldiers stationed in neighboring Somalia to come home, presumably to fight in the emerging war, according to reporting by Bloomberg. He managed to pass along accounts that the regional government — the Tigray People’s Liberation Front — had placed a tank outside the city, camouflaged in green. The TPLF denied responsibility for the attacks. “We don’t have any place to house them. Human rights groups and the UN have said such blackouts violate citizens’ basic right to information. The victims appeared to be day laborers who posed no discernible threat. The AU has been unable to pressure Prime Minister Abiy to rethink his decision to wage a war against his people. A man from the town of Alamata had climbed to the top of a hill, searching for a signal amidst a government-imposed blackout. The challenge now, in this ancient land with a proud history is to feed, educate and house the people including those displaced by the Eritrean-Ethiopian W… NAIROBI, KENYA - Ethiopia's military conflict with its independence-minded Tigray region has raised fears of civil war in Africa’s second most populous nation. Waging war on the Tigray seems like a suicidal decision by the federal government 0 “Roads are blocked and electricity, phone and Internet are down, making communication nearly impossible,” the UNHCR said in a statement. But Hiwot, a 31-year-old mother of two who fled to neighboring Kenya after her husband was killed by the TPLF four years ago, said she fears a similar fate could befall her uncle, her aunt and millions of others who find themselves caught in the crossfire in an emerging civil war between Ethiopia’s military and a well-armed adversary. During the war, Ethiopia was drawn into the Cold War with Soviet and Cuban advisors and aid yet while war was waged on several fronts, the people often starved. Already in Tigray, “banking services have halted resulting in a lack of cash,” according to the UNHCR. TPLF leadership has accused Eritrea, a longtime foe, of sending ground forces across the border to join the Ethiopian military in attacking Tigray. Survivors, who hail from the Amhara ethnic group, said their attackers were members of the TPLF with whom they’d long scuffled over territory. 'I saw people dying on the road': Tigray's traumatised war refugees, Analysis: why ‘final’ offensive may not end Ethiopian conflict, Ethiopian prime minister gives Tigrayan rebels 72 hours to surrender, If Ethiopia descends into chaos, it could take the Horn of Africa with it, Secret UN report reveals fears of long and bitter war in Ethiopia, Ethiopia fighting could drive 200,000 to Sudan in coming months, says UN, The Guardian view on war in Ethiopia: time is short, Ethiopia, led by a Nobel peace winner, is looking down the barrel of civil war. nongovernmental organizations, human rights organizations, 'They pointed guns at my kids': Florida police raid home of fired data scientist who built state's COVID-19 dashboard, Ivanka Trump, Jared Kushner purchase $30 million Indian Creek plot — report, Fox's Lou Dobbs berates Stephen Miller for the White House not jumping on Ted Cruz's Supreme Court offer, 'Melania Antoinette': First lady faces backlash after unveiling tennis pavilion at the White House, Mysterious monoliths on the move: New one appears in San Luis Obispo. If the man’s reports are true, “the government from Tigray is planning to burn the whole city today,” Hiwot told the Los Angeles Times. By Friday night, some 22,000 refugees had fled from Tigray across the border to Sudan — half of them children, according to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, which was preparing for as many as 100,000 refugees to arrive in days to come. In an act of defiance, Tigrayan leaders recalled their representatives from the capital and held their own ballot – described as illegal by the federal government. Guilty or not, “the pinning of the massacre on the TPLF by the prime minister makes it even less likely that the government is going to pursue anything other than a military solution,” Davidson told The Times. Four hundred and fifty miles north in the region of Tigray, Hiwot Araya’s hometown was about to be besieged. Ethiopia's prime minister Abiy Ahmed has said that concerns his country will descend into chaos are unfounded, but fears of an all-out civil war continue to grow. If the conflict becomes entrenched and the refugees are unable to return home, many may set their sights on asylum and hope for resettlement abroad. But the crisis in Ethiopia, a key U.S. security ally, has been building for months. Rumors from the war zone are impossible to independently confirm. “This thing is leading toward civil war,” said 33-year-old Tesfaye Diriba, member of an ethnic Oromo opposition political party who fled to Kenya after federal security forces raided his home and office and arrested his best friend in 2017. “The solution, the way forward, is there should be a dialogue,” Diriba said. The Ethiopian government had organised militias fighting alongside its army against Tigray forces in a manner similar to 1990s Somalia civil war. After Ethiopia disavowal of binding international agreements regarding the Nile Basin, Ethiopian Prime Minister is leading a fierce war on Tigray … Meanwhile, Ethiopia’s embassy in neighboring Kenya has yet to grant visas to journalists who wish to travel to Ethiopia to cover the emerging war. Could Tigray conflict turn Ethiopia into a 'Libya of east Africa'. “His true colors we are now starting to see,” said Abraham Barksa, a 47-year-old Ethiopian refugee in Nairobi from the same Oromo ethnicity as the prime minister. On Nov. 4, Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed ordered airstrikes against targets in Tigray, a region in northern Ethiopia whose ethnic leaders led the country for nearly three decades before Ahmed was appointed in 2018. The conflict will put an additional strain on the global humanitarian aid sector, already burdened by the COVID-19 pandemic and inundated with more refugees than ever before. 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