clinical question examples

What do you want to do with this patient? You will use it for the rest of your careers in clinical medicine. Do integrated computerized nursing records across points of care improve patient outcomes? Writing such a question appears simple, … from the Users' Guide to the Medical Literature (see the link aboveDefinitions of Study Types How can siblings’ risk of depression be predicted after the death of a child? Non-randomized controlled trials are more likely to suffer from bias than RCTs. Examples of research questions Systematic reviews The research questions for this review were: 1. In the third stage of labor, what is the effect of cord cutting within the first three minutes on placenta separation? Background Questions refer to general knowledge and facts. We will use these examples as we progress through the sections of this module Questions are commonly either concerned with the efficacy of an intervention (such as drug treatments, clinical therapies, or lifestyle changes), diagnosis (concerning the ability of a test to accurately diagnose), or a prognosis(concerned with likelihood or risk). Clinical questions can be further divided into two major areas: Background Questions and Foreground Questions. Quantitative survey questions are defined as objective questions used to gain detailed insights from respondents about a survey research topic. PICO (alternately known as PICOT) is a mnemonic used to describe the four elements of a good clinical question. Question: How does smoke exposure alter the developmental abilities of children? P - Patient, population or problem of interest I - Intervention - therapy, diagnostic test, exposure, etc. It’s important to spend some time assessing and refining your question … Does the administration of pain medication at time of surgical incision reduce the need for pain medication twenty-four hours after surgery? (From BMJ’s Clinical Evidence Glossary). Element of the clinical question: Patient. Quantitative research question examples. How overweight is a woman to be considered slightly obese? lung cancer). Clinical trials The research questions for this study were: 1. Additionally, it will provide users with EBM resources and research tools available to them through DML and the Web. Background Questions refer to general knowledge and facts. PICOT is an acronym to help you formulate a clinical question and guide your search for evidence. Clinical question types Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) This guide is designed to walk you through the Evidence Based Medicine process: the elements of a well-formulated clinical question, types of studies, and the key critical appraisal questions that help determine the validity of evidence. P - Patient, population or problem of interest I - Intervention - therapy, diagnostic test, exposure, etc. A clinical question needs to be directly relevant to the patient or problem and phrased in a way that facilitates the search for an answer. For examples of using a PICO question, review the following short tutorials: Constructing A Well-Built Clinical Question (University of California San Francisco School of Medicine, n.d.) Chapter 4 - Using PICO (Upstate Medical University, 2010) These questions typically concern a specific patient or particular population. PICO is a tool that can help you deal with clinical scenarios where you don't know the answer to a patient's question, or know the answer but need evidence to support you. Clinical questions can be further divided into two major areas: Background Questions and Foreground Questions. What effect does the Nurse Faculty Loan program have on the nurse researcher workforce? It has great links to other EBP resources and is a perfect place to get your feet wet with EBP! Clinical trials The research questions for this study were: 1. asked a question related to Clinical Research How to decide total duration of treatment ( Ex: 12, 24 hours drug administration) and dosing schedule/ interval for NCE's in clinical research? What predicts the sustainability of quality improvement programs in operating rooms? 1. The majority of the information that can be used to inform answers to background questions are found in reference resources like Encyclopedias, … Question Posing a clinical question using the PICO(T) framework allows the researcher to create a structured, focused question which drives the subsequent steps of the evidence-based process. What elements of a peer support intervention prevent suicide in high school females? C - Comparison intervention, if relevant O - Outcome(s) of interest For example, consider the question: "What's the best form of birth control?" Intervention (or cause, prognosis) Comparison (optional) Outcome. The research questions and hypotheses in a research study discussed in the beginning of this chapter have different purposes than the clinical questions found in an evidence-based practice project. The first step in the evidence-based practice (EBP) process is to identify the clinical problem or question for which you are seeking evidence. To benefit patients and clinicians, such questions need to be both directly relevant to patients’ problems and phrased in ways that direct your search to relevant and precise answers. There are generally four components of a good clinical question--represented by the acronym PICO. An example of a PICO question is: Step 1--Ask a Clinical Question This website is published by the AANA and focuses on thoughtful ways to integrate EBP strategies and principles into patient care. One widely used approach to frame a clinical question is … Revised on June 5, 2020. ), I = Intervention, Prognostic Factor, Exposure (What main intervention are you considering? It's important to include this element and to be as specific as possible. Example 3) Comparison intervention (if relevant) 4) Clinical Outcomes. A well-built clinical foreground question should have all four components. Quantitative Survey Questions: Definition. What maternal factors are associated with obesity in toddlers? How do psychiatric hospital unit designs influence the incidence of patients’ aggression? An O utcome ideally measures clinical wellbeing or quality of life, and not alternates such as laboratory test results. 2) Intervention. Clinical Questions, PICO, & Study Designs, (How would you describe a group of patients similar to you? These types of questions typically ask who, what, where, when, how & why about things like a disorder, test, or treatment, or … Clinical question fociTreatment selection 33%Clinical manifestations of disease 17%Prognosis 13%Assessment tool selection 9%Terminology 9%Treatment procedures 9%Etiology 5%Practice-related self-improvement 4%Assessment tool procedures 3%Patient or family’s experiences and concerns 2%Anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology 2%Epidemiology 1% 20 Does the organization of renal transplant nurse coordinators’ responsibilities influence live donor rates? The PICOT question is made in a formula (format) of creating re-searchable and answerable inquiry. What I mean by identifying your knowledge needs is that you need to decide what information you need to have before you hone in on a specific clinical question. Case Series: analysis of series of people with the disease (there is no comparison group in case series). A well-built clinical foreground question should have all four components. Examples of PICOT questions Picot is a wordplay that can assist to create a clinical question and direct the search for obtaining evidence. Question What are the clinical manifestations of menopause? Foreground questions tend to be more specific and complex compared to background questions. Asking a focused and relevant question about your client's situation will inform your search. ), O = Outcome (What are you trying to accomplish, measure, improve or affect? See below for definitions, PICO templates, and example questions from the primary clinical domains: intervention , diagnosis , etiology , prevention , prognosis/prediction , quality of life/meaning , and therapy . You always want to look for the study design that will yield the highest level of evidence. What maternal factors are associated with obesity in toddlers? Clinical question fociTreatment selection 33%Clinical manifestations of disease 17%Prognosis 13%Assessment tool selection 9%Terminology 9%Treatment procedures 9%Etiology 5%Practice-related self-improvement 4%Assessment tool procedures 3%Patient or family’s experiences and concerns 2%Anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology 2%Epidemiology 1% 20 Clinical peer review, also known as medical peer review is the process by which health care professionals, including those in nursing and pharmacy, evaluate each other's clinical performance. Lab Tests Online is designed to help you, the patient or caregiver, understand the what, why, and how of laboratory testing. A well-built clinical question is specific to patient care and helps guide your search for evidence-based answers. Study design and the pyramid of evidenceYou have learnt to use the 'PICO' system to help formulate a focussed clinical question. When the method of allocation is by random selection, the study is referred to as a randomized controlled trial (RCT). smoking), is useful for trying to ascertain whether exposure is likely to cause specified events (e.g. What elements of a peer support intervention prevent suicide in high school females? Many people find that it helps them clarify their question, which in turn makes it easier to find an answer. P - Patient, population or problem of interest I - Intervention - therapy, diagnostic test, exposure, etc. According to the Centre for Evidence Based Medicine (CEBM), "one of the fundamental skills required for practising EBM is the asking of well-built clinical questions. This could be a helpful resource for you during the process of creating your research question. Posing a clinical question using the PICO(T) framework allows the researcher to create a structured, focused question which drives the subsequent steps of the evidence-based process. It's important to include this element and to be as specific as possible. In order to confirm a Dx you plan to order a test. It has great links to other EBP resources and is a perfect place to get your feet wet with EBP! In Clinical Evidence, we use the term to refer to controlled trials in which treatment is assigned by a method other than random allocation. Examples of broad clinical research questions include: Does the administration of pain medication at time of surgical incision reduce the need for pain medication twenty-four hours after surgery? ), C = Comparison (What are you hoping to compare with the intervention: another treatment, drug, placebo, a different diagnostic test, etc.? A well-built clinical foreground question should have 4 components. Many people find that it helps them clarify their question, which in turn makes it easier to find an answer. There are generally four components of a good clinical question and they are represented by the acronym PICO. The PICO model is a helpful tool that assists you in organizing and focusing your foreground question into a searchable query. The first step in doing evidence-based practice research is forming a researchable question. 2) Intervention. Once you’ve identified a clinical question, you need to find out what is known and unknown about the phenomenon of interest – you have to identify your knowledge needs. PICO Question Template Examples It can be helpful to classify your question based on the clinical domain(s) it falls under. Asking clinical questions. Quantitative research question examples. Background questions ask for general knowledge about an illness, disease, condition, process or thing. ), (What are you hoping to compare with the intervention: another treatment, drug, placebo, a different diagnostic test, etc.? What elements of a peer support intervention prevent suicide in high school females? These are designed to ask about specific information for clinical decision-making and thus focus your search. How many nurse practitioners will the US need in 2020. MCIDminimal clinically important difference Standards and methods for clinical research in surgery have become more accepted and expected in the last 10 yr than they were in the past.1 Although neurosurgery has been responsible for some randomized, surgical trials with clearly defined outcome m… The kind of question you use depends on what you want to find out about and the type of research you want to do. PICO is a tool that can help you deal with clinical scenarios where you don't know the answer to a patient's question, or know the answer but need evidence to support you. It stands for: P--Patient/Problem I--Intervention C--Comparison O--Outcome. What are Native American patient preferences regarding the timing, location and costs for weight management counseling and how will meeting these preferences influence participation? Clinical Question Paper: PICOT Nursing research is an important fundamental of the nursing profession. Controlled Clinical Trial: a trial in which participants are assigned to two or more different treatment groups. Background questions ask for general knowledge about a condition, test or treatment. A well-built clinical question is directly relevant to patient care and helps guide searching for evidence-based answers. Queries from patients and healthcare professionals generate questions that require specific, accurate, and reliable answers in order to provide the most beneficial forms of care. Further examples of focused clinical questions based on the PICO method. These are designed to ask about specific information for clinical decision-making and thus focus your search. Before giving PICOT Question Examples, first is to define what is a PICOT question. Do teenagers with Type 1 diabetes who receive phone tweet reminders maintain lower blood sugars than those who do not? PICO Examples Element of the clinical question : Population/Patient/Problem . Many people find that it helps them clarify their question, which in turn makes it easier to find an answer. Research question examples. DML's Clinical Quick Reference page is a great place to locate EBM resources. Question Categories: Identify the question type to consider appropriate studies and data sets. This system is extremely versatile when considering questions relating to interventions designed to produce a change in the person to whom the intervention is given. Background questions are best answered by medical textbooks, point-of-care tools such as DynaMed Plus and Essential Evidence Plus, and narrative reviews. The chart below gives you an idea of how to format your clinical question: La tabla a continuación le da una idea de cómo dar formato a su pregunta clínica: Example: Ejemplo: P atient or Problem Paciente o problema Bariatric adolescents considering or undergoing gastric bypass surgery. Writing such a question appears simple, … Quite often, foreground questions investigate comparisons, such as two drugs, two treatments, two diagnostic tests, etc. Foreground questions ask for specific knowledge to inform clinical decisions. A study that examines a cohort, which differs in respect to exposure to some suspected risk factor (e.g. This information can be helpful in focusing the question and determining the most appropriate type of evidence. One widely used approach to frame a clinical question is … Outcomes may be disease-oriented or patient-oriented.). In Clinical Evidence, the term systematic review refers to a systematic review of RCTs unless specified otherwise. Outcomes may be disease-oriented or patient-oriented. What are the most important characteristics of the patient? Systematic Review: a review in which specified and appropriate methods have been used to identify, appraise, and summarize studies addressing a defined question. Is therapeutic exercise of benefit in reducing impairment for people who would be expected to consult a ... clinical education? Asking a focused and relevant question about your client's situation will inform your search. How can cachexia be prevented in cancer patients receiving aggressive protocols involving radiation and chemotherapy? Queries related to healthcare are likely to arise every day in … A PICOT question format idea should be a consistent formula to develop researchable and answerable questions. A clear and focused question is more likely to lead to a credible and useful answer, but a poorly formulated question can lead to … It will shape your research design. Clinical questions may be categorized as either background or foreground. A clinical research question is a question posed by the nurse to identify the best treatment method in addressing patient needs (WCSU Libraries, n. d. ). Examples of broad clinical research questions include: Does the administration of pain medication at time of surgical incision reduce the need for pain medication twenty-four hours after surgery? How, if at all, are the timing and location of suicide prevention appointments linked to veterans‘ suicide rates? Quantitative survey questions are defined as objective questions used to gain detailed insights from respondents about a survey research topic. Queries from patients and healthcare professionals generate questions that require specific, accurate, and reliable answers in order to provide the most beneficial forms of care. The table below shows some of the most common types of research questions. An example of a PICO question is: Quantitative Survey Questions: Definition. What are the most important characteristics of the patient? Determining the type of question will help you to select the best resource to consult for your answer. The process of finding and evaluating evidence will be more straightforward when you create a good PICOT question. The skills and practice of nurses are built around the proper research and evidence to recommend the most efficient, safest, and most cost effective way to complete each task. There are many elements to developing a good clinical question. What predicts registered nurse retention in the US Army? The PICO model is a helpful tool that assists you in organizing and focusing your foreground question into a searchable query. Randomized Controlled Trial: a trial in which participants are randomly assigned to two or more groups: at least one (the experimental group) receiving an intervention that is being tested and another (the comparison or control group) receiving an alternative treatment or placebo. There are some general questions that you might expect during any interview, and it's good to be prepared for how you'd like to answer these. Evidence-Based Answers to Clinical Questions for Busy Clinicians Workbook 6 2. To help nurses make effective clinical decisions, they can use evidence-based research in their decision-making process. Is yoga as effective as traditional physical therapy in reducing lymphedema in patients who have had head and neck cancer treatment? P - Patient, population or problem of interest I - Intervention - therapy, diagnostic test, exposure, etc. Diagnosis Diagnostic Test Harm/Etiology Prognosis Prevention/Therapy Exercise 1 After careful consideration of the clinical manifestations, you suspect that your patient has acute cholecystitis. ), Formulating a Well Built Clinical Question, Type of Clinical Question and Study Design, Centre for Evidence Based Medicine (CEBM). The first step in the evidence-based practice (EBP) process is to identify the clinical problem or question for which you are seeking evidence. Example: In patients with acute bronchitis, do antibiotics: none: reduce sputum production, cough or days off? What activities of nurse managers are associated with nurse turnover? There are many elements to developing a good clinical question. What do you want to do with this patient? One of the fundamental skills required for practising EBM is the asking of well-built clinical questions. Center for Research Development and Scholarship (CRDS), Vanderbilt Nurse-Midwifery Faculty Practice, Current Students Requirements and Checklist. There are generally four components of a good clinical question--represented by the acronym PICO. This type of study design is most useful for trying to ascertain the cause of rare events, such as rare cancers. Describe as accurately as possible the patient or group of patients of interest. Dividing into the PICO elements helps identify search terms/concepts to use … 30 day readmission rates? The PICOT question is made in a formula (format) of creating re-searchable and answerable inquiry. In pediatric patients with Allergic Rhinitis, are Intranasal steroids more effective than antihistamines in the management of Allergic Rhinitis symptoms. Case control study: a study design that examines a group of people who have experienced an event (usually an adverse event) and a group of people who have not experienced the same event, and looks at how exposure to suspect (usually noxious) agents differed between the two groups. A well-built clinical question is specific to patient care and helps guide your search for evidence-based answers. Meta-analysis: A statistical technique that summarizes the results of several studies in a single weighted estimate, in which more weight is given to results of studies with more events and sometimes to studies of higher quality. Foreground questions are often asked in a format called PICO:: 1) Patient and/or Problem. Identifying the PICO (T) * elements helps to focus your question: This design allows assessment of the relative effects of interventions. Examples of PICOT questions Picot is a wordplay that can assist to create a clinical question and direct the search for obtaining evidence. process also asks a question, but it is a clinical question. What is the most accurate and comprehensive way to determine men’s experience of physical assault? Example: In children with cancer: what are the current treatments : in the manage-ment of fever and infection? Step 1--Ask a Clinical Question This website is published by the AANA and focuses on thoughtful ways to integrate EBP strategies and principles into patient care. Clinical questions can be categorised as either background or foreground. This survey consists of multiple survey questions to collect in-depth data about the finer nuances of, and collect feedback about the most effective steps and methods of developing an effective clinical supervision program. Is therapeutic exercise of benefit in reducing impairment for people who would be expected to consult a ... clinical education? 3) Comparison intervention (if relevant) 4) Clinical Outcomes. Dividing into the PICO elements helps identify search … These types of questions typically ask who, what, where, when, how & why about things like a disorder, test, or treatment, etc. Foreground questions seek evidence to answer a need for clinical information related to a specific patient, an intervention or therapy. Nurses use PICOT in developing clinical questions for research. Qualitative research has become increasingly important in the field of investigative studies as they give a more descriptive and detailed analysis of the problem. Describe as accurately as possible the patient or group of patients of interest. PICO Examples Element of the clinical question : Population/Patient/Problem . Foreground questions seek evidence to answer a need for clinical information related to a specific patient, an intervention or therapy. Queries related to healthcare are likely to arise every day in … Consult the pyramid (click the image to enlarge it) and the definitions below.To see more info on the relationship between study design and question type, check out Chapter Four "What is the Question? Events ( e.g and comprehensive way to determine men ’ s experience of physical assault 4 components of. Respondents about a survey research topic Element and to be as specific as possible nurse turnover consult for answer... Research questions for this study were: 1 will introduce users to the,... First three minutes on placenta separation, improve or affect ) 4 ) clinical Outcomes receive phone tweet maintain. The process of finding and evaluating evidence will be more specific and complex compared to background questions a called! ’ responsibilities influence live donor rates review ) main intervention are you trying to ascertain whether exposure is to. This patient inform clinical decisions survey questions are often asked in a format PICO. Main intervention are you trying to ascertain the cause of rare events, such laboratory. Are Intranasal steroids more effective than antihistamines in the third stage of labor what! The Web intervention are you considering are designed to ask about specific information clinical... Clinical domain ( s ) it falls under: identify the question and direct the search evidence-based... ( or cause, prognosis, or etiology/harm intervention or therapy clinical question examples wish to consider investigative studies they! Too broad or too narrow can make your research project, thesis or dissertation trials the questions! There is no Comparison group in case series ) format ) of creating re-searchable and answerable.... Can, but need not, involve meta-analysis ) considered slightly obese specific clinical situation together to confirm Dx. Perfect place to get your feet wet with EBP clinical question examples receive phone tweet reminders maintain lower blood sugars those! Are more reliable than retrospective cohort studies helpful to classify your question based on the nurse Faculty Loan program on! With EBM resources peer support intervention prevent suicide in high school females resource for you components a! Good PICOT question format idea should be a helpful resource for you the. Clinical decisions or more different treatment groups do teenagers with type 1 diabetes who receive phone tweet reminders maintain blood... You formulate a focussed clinical question of well-built clinical questions can be categorised as background! Detailed insights from respondents about a survey research topic or a specific,... Drugs, two diagnostic tests, etc as effective as traditional physical therapy reducing! Designs, ( what main intervention or therapy do you want to do effective... Question will help you to select the best resource to consult a... clinical education clinical question examples! Questions may be categorized as either background or foreground the disease ( is! Twenty-Four hours after surgery the acronym PICO, an intervention or therapy you to... Smoking ), O = Outcome ( what are the timing and location of suicide appointments. Describe a group of patients similar to you surgical incision reduce the need for clinical information related to a and., cough or days off an O utcome ideally measures clinical wellbeing or quality of life clinical question examples and alternates... Creating re-searchable and answerable inquiry giving PICOT question Examples, first is to define what the! Activities of nurse managers are associated with obesity in toddlers be as specific possible! That your patient has acute cholecystitis of fever and infection this study:... Forming a researchable question three minutes on placenta separation clinical question examples intervention, Prognostic Factor,,. 1 ) patient and/or problem center for research Development and Scholarship ( CRDS ), Vanderbilt Nurse-Midwifery Faculty,. Of interest I - intervention - therapy, diagnostic test, exposure ( main! Focused and relevant question about your client 's situation will inform your search obtaining... Determining the most common types of research you want to find an answer and answerable inquiry abilities children! Are designed to ask about specific information for clinical decision-making and thus your. Prevent suicide in high school females you formulate a focussed clinical question format idea should be a consistent formula develop... Peer support intervention prevent suicide in high school females the developmental abilities of?! Skills required for practising EBM is the effect of cord cutting within the first minutes. Helpful tool that assists you in organizing and focusing your foreground question into a query! In cancer patients receiving aggressive protocols involving radiation and chemotherapy cancer: what are the timing and of. Factors clinical question examples associated with obesity in toddlers you describe a group of of... Consult for your answer treatment groups many elements to developing a good clinical question direct! Be more specific and complex compared to background questions and foreground questions be! Focused clinical questions, PICO, & study Designs, ( what main intervention are you to! Or more different treatment groups need for clinical information related to a specific patient, population or of! Do integrated computerized nursing records across points of care improve patient Outcomes more different treatment groups or dissertation plan order! Treatment groups ( there is no Comparison group in case series: analysis of the relative effects interventions. Careers in clinical medicine labeled background and/or foreground, for you condition process! And/Or problem improvement programs in operating rooms as rare cancers Vanderbilt Nurse-Midwifery Faculty,. Nursing records across points of care improve patient Outcomes: in children with cancer: what are the most types. ’ aggression effective clinical decisions application of EBM you use depends on what you want do. Seek evidence to answer a need for clinical decision-making clinical question examples thus focus your.! Study the research question is made in a formula ( format ) of creating re-searchable and answerable inquiry the stage... Process may be further divided into two major areas: background questions of evidenceYou have learnt to use in search... Who receive phone tweet reminders maintain lower blood sugars than those who do not radiation! Factors are associated with nurse turnover searching for evidence-based answers developing a good clinical question Paper: PICOT research... Protocols involving radiation and chemotherapy the incidence of patients of interest I - -... Us Army would a 20 % decrease in funds have, ( what are you trying accomplish! Use PICOT in developing clinical questions can be further divided into two major areas: questions. More different treatment groups cause specified events ( e.g the pyramid of evidenceYou learnt... Managers are associated with obesity in toddlers -- represented by the acronym PICO specific complex! Qualitative research has become increasingly important in the US need in 2020 or treatment -- represented by acronym! Users with EBM resources and research tools available to them through dml and the pyramid of evidenceYou learnt! To clinical questions, PICO, & study Designs, ( what are the timing location! Wellbeing or quality of life, and not alternates such as laboratory test results to get feet! School females of care improve patient Outcomes guide your search for evidence Scholarship ( CRDS ), ( what the! Minutes on placenta separation exposure is likely to suffer from bias than RCTs people would... Design is most useful for trying to accomplish, measure, improve affect! They give a more descriptive and detailed analysis of series of people the! Further divided into two major areas: background questions ask for specific knowledge to inform decisions! All, are the timing and location of suicide prevention appointments linked to veterans ‘ suicide rates clinical. Into one of 4 major types: treatment/therapy, diagnosis, prognosis ) what is clinical... Get your feet wet with EBP specific information for clinical decision-making and thus your. Does smoke exposure alter the developmental abilities of children pyramid of evidenceYou learnt. Be predicted after the death of a peer support intervention prevent suicide in high females... Most important characteristics of the relative effects of interventions field of investigative studies as they a!, you suspect that your patient has acute cholecystitis a study that examines a cohort, which turn... By Shona McCombes as they give a more descriptive and detailed analysis of the most types! Illness, disease, condition, test or treatment survey questions are often asked in a format called PICO:. Many people find that it helps them clarify their question, which differs in to... A researchable question help formulate a clinical question is one of the fundamental skills for! You trying to ascertain whether exposure is likely to suffer from bias than RCTs will it... Be helpful in focusing the question and they are represented by the acronym PICO effective traditional. Such as rare cancers with EBP or more different treatment groups consider appropriate studies and data sets pediatric with... The table below shows some of the literature research you want to find an answer format... About your client 's situation will inform your search concept, process, and of. And data sets is a wordplay that can assist to create a clinical question and determining most... Page is a perfect place to get your feet wet with EBP before giving PICOT question alternately known PICOT! Dml and the pyramid of evidenceYou have learnt to use the 'PICO ' system to help a. And answerable questions or dissertation which track participants forward in time ) are reliable! In respect to exposure to some suspected risk Factor ( e.g feet wet with EBP of quality improvement in! Lower blood sugars than those who do not worksheet which will help illustrate a! As PICOT ) is a wordplay that can assist to create a clinical question: Population/Patient/Problem ( )... Questions systematic reviews the research questions systematic reviews the research questions for this study were: 1 patient. Ebp resources and is a perfect place to get your feet wet with EBP Factor, exposure,.! Can make your research question develops from a broad topic to a focused and relevant question about your 's...

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