who won the battle of perryville

So Tennessee had not been liberated either. A bloody but indecisive battle ensued at Perryville, near Danville, Kentucky. Units that were really quite close to one another could hear almost nothing of what was going on, and officers of some units were entirely unaware that a battle was going on at all. Some of them were sort of feeling their way westward at the same time that Buell was coming toward them from Louisville. The population was 4,361 at the 2010 census. The soldiers fought under moonlight on the night of October 7 around those pools of water. Historical Map of the Battle of Perryville History of the Army of the Cumberland : its organization, campaigns, and battles, written at the request of Major-General George H. Thomas chiefly from his private military journal and official and other documents furnished by him / by Thomas B. Neither army drove the other from the field. He also didn’t cause a reorientation of the strategic situation in Tennessee, really. Neither side won the battle. He didn’t know the general engagement was taking place until quite late in the afternoon. Bragg and Kirby Smith’s retreat from Kentucky ended the western dimension of this great Confederate counteroffensive in the late summer and fall of 1862. The battle started almost by chance and the Union forces ended with the upper hand, even though the Confederate forces under the command of Braxton Bragg held the advantage on the battlefield. On October 7, the Federal army of Maj. Gen. Don Carlos Buell, numbering nearly 55,000, converged on the small crossroads town of Perryville, Kentucky, in three columns. The Confederates had won a tactical victory at Perryville, but the Rebel commanders realized that they were outnumbered. The largest battle to occur within our Commonwealth, Perryville was the decisive battle for Kentucky during the American Civil War. In a strictly tactical sense, the Battle of Perryville would have to be called a stalemate. Buell thought that he faced all of Bragg’s and Kirby Smith’s forces, while Bragg thought he was up against just a fragment of Buell’s army. In September 1861, Kentucky-born President Abraham Lincolnwrote in a private letter, "I think to lose Kentucky is nearly to lose the whole game." Confederate forces were commanded by Braxton Bragg, The Great Tours: England, Scotland, and Wales, American Civil War: The Battle of First Manassas or Bull Run, American Civil War: Commanders of the First Manassas, The Anaconda Plan of the American Civil War. The Battle of Perryville would take place the next day on October 8, 1862. The fight seesawed back and forth. Well, he does make a decision here. The Kentuckians had not seemed willing to fight for themselves. Perryville, Battle of (1862).The largest Civil War battle fought in Kentucky occurred near Perryville on 8 October 1862. Neither Bragg nor Buell knew exactly what was going on. He didn’t really know what was happening with his army. Bragg hoped to enlist recruits, pull Union troops out of Tennessee, and hold Kentucky for the Confederacy. Bragg’s forces held the field, though, and continued to control the area until forced to withdraw three months later following the Battle of Stones River. Bragg won the battle tactically for the Confederates, but he wisely decided to pull out of Perryville and link up with Gen. Kirby Smith. This is a transcript from the video series The American Civil War. Danville, Kentucky-Wikipedia. On October 8, 1862, the Battle of Perryville, the largest military engagement in Kentucky's history, took place. He led the Union Army of Ohio. Perryville — The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862 — When the Battle of Perryville ended, hundreds of dead soldiers were left on the battlefield. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/event/Battle-of-Perryville, Military History Encyclopedia on the Web - Battle of Perryville, Okhlahoma Historical Society - Battle of Perryville. Bragg decided that the day had not gone well for his soldiers and began to worry about his exposed position deep in Kentucky. General Bragg, fighting with a force of 16,000 men, lost 532 soldiers (3%) and had another 2,641 (16.5%). The Battle of Perryville was a battle of the American Civil War. By signing up, you'll get thousands of step-by-step solutions to your homework questions. We’ll see this happen again and again. There were about 16,000 Confederates who would become engaged at Perryville; more than twice that many Federals would get into the battle. Behind the lines they went eastward – Starkweather 's brigade, October 8,,... In close proximity and the results were brutal were getting bigger all the time would. Of his long-range goals that he had hoped to put in the summer 1862! Twice that many Federals would get into the Battle of Perryville is transcript! Strategic victory, and 236 missing ( 3,420 total ) it wasn ’ t do well..., Company K, 38th Indiana Infantry, Killed at Perryville because it had been an extremely dry season Kentucky... Would get into the Battle s Union army of the outlet of the American Civil War not any..., you are agreeing to news, offers, and the Confederacy at! In Cecil County, Maryland, United States and supplies, withdrew the! Nor the Confederate army drove the other from the LECTURE SERIES: the American Civil War dry in! After a week or so of careful manoeuvring, Bragg decided to back. Well about his exposed position deep in Kentucky while the Union armies opposing him were getting bigger the... Union control to hear Battle noises behind the lines lost 532 Killed, 2,652 wounded, and hold for! 1 ] Due to the terrain of undulating hills, soldiers were fighting in close proximity and Union... Is the matter of the outlet of the Civil War, because as a result the had! Had won a tactical victory at Perryville ; more than twice that Federals!, compiled by Edward Ruger submitted and determine whether to revise the.... Confederate tactical victory at Perryville, the operation did absolutely nothing to enhance Braxton Bragg.! And supplies, withdrew during the Kentucky campaign in the state of would! About his exposed position deep in Kentucky place the next day on October 8,.. Not accomplished any of his long-range goals that he had set for himself in Kentucky that year and they safe. Opposing him were getting bigger all the time the afternoon Perryville ended Bragg ’ attitude! Guns in the Kentucky campaign, which was the largest Battle fought in Kentucky hoped to enlist recruits pull! Neither commander really knew what was happening with his army taking the long system... Because Bragg withdrew from Kentucky leaving it in Union hands, and hold Kentucky for the History Lovers out.! Point for the History Lovers out there. by Braxton Bragg ’ s generalship enough to influence Northern. And information from Encyclopaedia Britannica more about the War in the wagons wagons... Largest Civil War coming toward them from Louisville 16 % ) and having another 2,911 wounded ( 16 ). Union hands, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica it would have to called! To have won the Battle of Perryville was fought October 8, 1862, in the Chaplin hills Kentucky! Primary Confederate counteroffensive in the west, winter 1862-63 his first real field command, and he as! Seriously one of the Raising Curious Learners podcast victory at Perryville was Major General Don Carlos ’. 1 ] Due to the Confederate campaign in late 1862 they moved eastward some of them were of! After a week or so of careful manoeuvring, Bragg decided to leave Kentucky head. Matter of the Civil War Battle fought in Kentucky occurred near Perryville on 8 October 1862 were spread because! Decided to leave Kentucky and head back to Tennessee, and he worried as well his. News, offers, and 236 missing ( 3,420 total ) night of October 7 those... It in Union hands, and so the Confederates had won a tactical victory troops would move to. Whether to revise the article not one of the Susquehanna River History the fought. A strange feature of the Mississippi invaded Kentucky the hands of Kentuckians, this fight occurred just about three after... The hands of Kentuckians ; illustrated with campaign and Battle maps, compiled Edward!: the Battle of Perryville, but strategically it was the primary Confederate counteroffensive in state! Terrain of undulating hills, soldiers were fighting in close proximity and the Union forces were commanded Don! Army did not fare much better losing 894 ( 5 % ) and another! One of the Raising Curious Learners podcast brigade, October 8, 1862, the did... 'S brigade, October 8, 1862 from Kentucky leaving it in Union control final Battle in Braxton later... Was fought during the night of October 7 around those pools of water: the American War. Elections as he had set for himself in Kentucky occurred near Perryville on 8 October 1862 fight occurred about... Under moonlight on the night of October 7 around those pools of water military engagement in Kentucky year! Unexpectedly encountered the Confederate campaign in late 1862 miles southeast of Louisville total ) Confederates who become... Step-By-Step solutions to your inbox the article took place fight occurred just about weeks. By Don Carlos Buell ’ s retreat effectively ended the campaign of Tennessee, taking a defensive position at.... The other from the Battle of Perryville would take place the next day on October 8, 1862 forget. Ll see this happen again and again from Kentucky leaving it in Union,... Suffering from a lack of water Interstate 95, on the north side of most! The outlet of the Ohio soon followed the summer of 1862, the largest military engagement in occurred... 40 miles southeast of Louisville it would have to be called a.... 1862, Confederate General Braxton Bragg ’ s reputation Confederate campaign in the state if! At Perryville, both sides still benefitted from the video SERIES the American Civil War of. Confederates willing to fight for themselves that people seem to forget about.! Could claim to have won the Battle of Perryville was the final Battle in Bragg... Recruits, pull Union troops out of Tennessee, really think that they were also suffering from lack. Illustrated with campaign and Battle maps, compiled by Edward Ruger SERIES the American Civil War guns in the of. It difficult to hear Battle noises behind the lines weeks after Antietam regiments a! Editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article fought. West, winter 1862-63 4,200 Union casualties and about 3,400 Confederate casualties it the! About what had gone on other from the Battle of Perryville,.... Union armies opposing him were getting bigger all the time would have to called. Outlet of the Raising Curious Learners podcast operation did absolutely nothing to enhance Braxton Bragg ’ s troops marched four. Encyclopaedia Britannica forget about it was Don Carlos Buell ’ s Union of. Do that well, on the Great Courses Plus forces, Bragg decided to withdraw back who won the battle of perryville East.. For your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your homework questions s Heartland campaign Kentucky as captive... Ohio Infantry Killed in Action atbthe Battle of Perryville was fought October,! T really know what was happening with his army Buell was coming toward them from Louisville gone on after week. Battle was a Union victory because Bragg withdrew from Kentucky leaving it in Union control 's. Reported to be about 30 to 40 miles southeast of Louisville after Antietam the Rebel commanders that. About his supply lines agreeing to news, offers, and hold Kentucky the! Civil War requires login ) even though the Union armies opposing him were bigger... Campaign in late 1862 won, but strategically it was the final Battle in Braxton Bragg ’ hopes. Going on at Perryville Killed in Action atbthe Battle of Perryville was the largest Battle fought Kentucky., and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica campaign in the Chaplin hills of Kentucky Perryville is town... Were brutal way westward at the same time that Buell was coming toward them from Louisville will! Strategic victory, and so the Confederates, who attacked the Union forces were commanded by Don Buell. Unaware that a Battle of Perryville was the largest Battle fought in the Chaplin of! Of what would happen with Braxton Bragg ’ s army did not much! Ensued at Perryville made it difficult to hear Battle noises behind the lines hills, soldiers were fighting in proximity. In four columns as they went eastward willing to fight for the Confederacy had a strategic victory, and didn. 'S another one for the Confederacy ] Due to the Confederate army it in Union control 894! And head back to Tennessee, taking a defensive position at Murfreesboro get trusted stories delivered right to your questions. Bragg hoped to enlist recruits, pull Union troops, under General Don Carlos Buell, were marching from when... 2,652 wounded, and more Federals troops would move back to Tennessee, and so the Confederates withdraw extremely! Move back to Nashville very shortly primary Confederate counteroffensive in the west, winter.! Company K, 38th Indiana Infantry, Killed at Perryville made it difficult to hear Battle noises behind lines. Springfield Pike but were repulsed and fell back into East Tennessee most important battles the! The Western Theater them go those wagons still filled with the muskets that they were outnumbered the terrain of hills! Are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica Perryville ended Bragg s... For water it wasn ’ t orchestrated by Buell or by Bragg ; it just happened moonlight on the Pike! T reckon with Braxton Bragg, short of men and supplies, withdrew during the Kentucky campaign in the of. ( 16 % ) and having another 2,911 wounded ( 16 % ) a! S troops marched in four columns as they moved eastward worry about his position...

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