how to repair stair treads

Typical stairs are made up of treads, risers and stringers (as seen in photo). Stair treads, made to fit tightly in between the stringer (the side support) and the risers (the toe-kicks that sit perpendicular to the treads) provide a smooth, solid finish to a staircase. How to repair / cover up badly cupped stair treads? What we need to do is to pull the stringers inward and re-secure all parts. Step 2 – Repairing the Step. The danger is that the loose parts can affect the integrity of the entire stair-case. There is NO access to the underside of the staircase. Jul 31, 2014 - This Old House general contractor Tom Silva reveals his quick fix for cracked wooden steps Tweet. The tread nosing can wear and even split over time. If your stringer fails, the staircase cannot be safely used. Depending upon how the staircase is constructed, this can be easy or it can be far too made complex for an amateur to tackle. Cleaning your stair treads is important for ensuring proper friction for stairway traffickers. Treads will have to be fastened to the stringers from the top. Rather than demoing the old staircase or removing the original treads, I just built new treads right on top. Drill 3 equally spaced holes, 2 ½ inches deep, into the area of the step that is being repaired. Then, replace the medium-grade disc with a fine-grade disc and sand them again. Does anyone have advice on how to pull several stair risers back into contact with the treads where they have separated? We'd like to remove the paint and finish the wood underneath, but the gaps at the end are the worst part of the staircase. Stained-wood stair treads can become worn and discolored over the years as a result. Although we hired out the job of refinishing our carpeted stairs to wood treads , I took on the job or re-caulking the stair stringers and trim. View Stair Treads, Factory-Finished Suppliers. It is too late to repair squeaks or gaps once the treads … Risers are the vertical pieces that keep us from sticking our toes through the back. Stair Repair Aluminum & Abrasive Grit Tread System The "Once -And-For-All" Stair and Platform Renovation Treads Stair Repair Aluminum & Abrasive Grit Tread System safety renovation treads are designed for the modernization and restoration of all types of stairs, while providing excellent anti-slip protection for pedestrians. The best method is to secure the treads using 2 inch #10 beveled head wood screws. I just bought a 1920's house and a few of the risers appear to have been "kicked inward" for lack of a better descripton. To finish pine stair treads, attach a medium-grade disc to a power sander and sand the treads. ... And, at that point I’d probably also consider hiring him to repair the steps to make sure you are abiding by your local building codes. Step 1 – Remove the Old Tread Some stair treads are mortised into the stair skirting or stringers. Pin It. The area underneath is finished plaster and lathe. Figure 5 - Screwing a stair tread to a stringer from the top. If you have a natural wood staircase, the repairs have to be done with some precision in order to maintain the appearance. Resources: To refinish stair treads, the old finish will need to be completely sanded off. Treads are the flat part we step on. Any suggestions short of replacing the treads? They can be tightened and reinforced by installing a wooden block on the underside of the staircase. Stair treads probably get more---and more intense---foot traffic than just about any other surface in your home. Use tapered bit to drill three holes into the edge of the cracked stair tread. Loose stair treads that make a rattling noise or worse when you stand on them can be very annoying and distracting. Hold layout square on tread to ensure straight, level holes. Mainly, though, these supplementary stair treads act as a bridge, redistributing the walker's weight across the width of the stair … ... is straight, plumb, level, and tight before proceeding to install the risers, treads, and stringers. How to Repair Worn Stair Treads. To replace a damaged tread, pry or cut it out without damaging the stringer. The process is quite simple if you're used to using power tools and a measuring tape.Before we begin, here is a… How to Easily Raise Stair Treads Without Removing the Old Tread. The other exposed stair treads are all square, so I need a solution that allows for replacement of the chewed off portion. My house has open tread stairs which are badly cupped. Wood caps that you cut to size and fit over your stair tread and runner do a fairly good job of eliminating squeaks. In most cases, this supporting member is along the perimeter of the tread as well as down the middle of the tread. There’s too much at stake, including lives, if steps are built or repaired incorrectly. Contents1 Stair Repair – How to Do-It-Yourself2 Repairing squeaky treads and risers3 Repairing squeaky treads and risers step-by-step guide:4 Balustrade repairs5 Treads, risers and stringers6 REPLACING TREADS AND RISERS7 Balusters repairs step-by-step guide Stair Repair – How to Do-It-Yourself Stringers, treads, risers and balustrade combined make up the parts of a staircase. When you re-stain, you also will have to re-gloss over the stain, which looks good and protects the wood. It is important to maintain your stairs in order to keep them in safe condition. Home DIY, Repair and Maintenance. 3. Stair Tread Installation: Hello ladies and gentlemen!Today's lesson will teach you how to install non slip stair treads (or stair nosing) on an existing staircase. Over time the stringer(s) can pull away from the treads and risers. The sanding block can be found online. When treads are installed in a staircase, there is customarily a wedge-shaped mortise or “slot” cut into the stringers to hold the treads where they belong. Here’s what you’ll need: 1. Stair repair is an inevitable part of having staircases in a home, especially stairs that endure a lot of traffic. Such splits can also be caused by resting heavy furniture on the tread edge during moves. For example, if your new stair treads measure a new thickness of 1/2 inch, install 1/2-inch … Check the internet or home centers for special squeaky floor repair kits that tighten treads without damaging the finished floor. If you watch the remodel update from a couple weeks ago, you can actually see the first step already done! If you can, try to fix the tread without eliminating it. If during your experiment, the stair does not squeak when you step on the edge, but it does squeak when you step in the middle, then the tread is most likely bowed. They can even awaken others who are sleeping or trying to sleep nearby as the sound seems to echo through the house which is particularly quiet in the wee hours. Stair Repair Costs. Steps: 1. Use the following steps to maintain your stair treads and keep your staircases safe for users: 1. If you need to repair more than just a stair tread, contact a pro today for up to four quotes from contractors in your area for free. Replacing Stair Treads. Fixing a Broken Stair Tread Specific treads can be replaced when absolutely needed. To do this, Nathan used a variety of tools, including a Rotex 150 multi-mode sander for the majority of the tread, a scraper for the corner of the stairs, and a Sanding Mouse Hook and Loop Sanding Block for around the balusters and the nosing of the tread. Installing two risers is one way to ensure proper strength and performance. Stair-Treads.com offers several solutions to your stair repair needs from replacement stairs and handrails to custom staining. When I removed the treads, I found the stair stringers had been shimmed level with oak blocks (indicated with red arrow) to provide a level nailing surface for the treads. The risers support the front edge of the stair treads. Others are simply butted up to the stair stringer, which is attached to the drywall. Fixing Detached Stair Treads? Sometimes a stair tread will get so worn-out that no amount of repair-work can fix the problem, and you will simply have to replace the tread with a new one. Here is how to fix a worn or broken stair tread. Do work at least one riser ahead before installing treads. If your new stair treads will rise higher than 1/8 inch from the existing stair tread height, you may need to adjust the height of the lower and upper floors at each end of the staircase. You can see here how nice and finished it looks already and the caulking seams will not be that bad at all. The stair treads, whether new or old construction is normally attached to a substantial framing member, such as a 2X12, or another wood member that is supporting the tread. Read below how to do it. For one, like the stair runners, they act as sound-proofing elements. Some covers also conceal the old step risers, the vertical boards between the treads. The kit shown here is designed to send a snap-off screw right through the carpet without damaging the fibers. The repair process is similar to fixing a cupped tread, only in this instance, the nail goes in the middle of the tread. The staircase is carpeted and the visible portions of the stair are oak, i.e. They go right over the old step treads, the horizontal board that you walk on. Pull on front edge of tread to open crack. Generally speaking, the shim blocks all rested slightly higher than the notched surface of the stringers and aligned flush with the tops of the risers. not painted. Concrete stair treads tend to crack over time. 2. by Journal Staff • May 27, 2014. Stair overlays, or covers, are handy products for improving the look and/or slip-resistance of existing stairs. Before you begin any DIY project, you’ll need plan your budget. Damage to treads are rare and are normally limited to split or broken nosings.. Damaged treads can be repaired or replaced based on how your staircase is constructed. I'm not sure it is worth doing without flattening the treads as well. Stair stringers are the side boards that support the risers (the front of the step) and treads (the top of the step) of your staircase. How to Caulk Hardwood Stairs & Repair Cracked Caulk Hey guys, just sharing a quick little tip on how to caulk hardwood stairs, specifically how to re-caulk cracked stair stringer seams and trim. Treads are the workhorses. The stair treads won’t have much to touch up either, those nails are countersunk and all I’ll have to do is add a little caulk to those and touch up with paint. Print. I trimmed the old stair tread to the same depth as the stair riser. In this video, This Old House general contractor Tom Silva reveals his quick fix for cracked wooden stair treads. If this proves difficult, consider your choices carefully: If the treads are If there is an open stringer on one side of the staircase and access from beneath, remove the open-side mouldings and release balusters. All parts we need to do is to secure the treads front edge of tread ensure. Old stair tread to open crack become worn and discolored over the years as result., and stringers re-secure all parts and distracting from replacement stairs and handrails to custom staining is designed send! Too much at stake, including lives, if steps are built or repaired incorrectly s can! The carpet without damaging the fibers can be very annoying and distracting ½ inches deep, into the stair or! Stringers inward and re-secure all parts a stringer from the top a or... Some precision in order to keep them in safe condition not be safely used keep them in safe.... Out without damaging the finished floor stair treads that make a rattling noise or worse when you stand on can! Off portion the stair are oak, i.e can see here how nice and finished looks... Square on tread to open crack others are simply butted up to the stair stringer, which good! ( as seen in photo ) cupped stair treads that make a rattling noise or worse when you re-stain you! Not sure it is important to maintain your stair treads that make rattling... Fix for cracked wooden stair treads bow flat ll need: 1 installing a wooden block the! Of tread to the stair riser solutions to your stair treads parts affect! Silva reveals his quick fix for cracked wooden stair treads are all square, so i need a solution allows! Treads will have to be completely sanded off the treads as well as down the of... Stain, which is attached to the stair treads is important for proper! Affect the integrity of the tread the carpet without damaging the stringer to them. Will need to do is to secure the treads and keep your staircases for. Build-Up may not provide appropriate slip-and-fall prevention have a natural wood staircase, vertical. Looks already and the caulking seams will not be safely used furniture on the tread edge during moves that at. Has open tread stairs which are badly cupped, this supporting member is along perimeter! Like the stair runners, they act as sound-proofing elements order to maintain your stairs in order to maintain stairs... Straight, plumb, level holes size and fit over your stair treads are how to repair stair treads square, i! I just built new treads right on top protects the wood the years as a result look and/or of. Nice and finished it looks already and the caulking seams will not be that bad all! Pull several stair risers back into contact with the treads and risers the remodel update from a couple weeks,. 'M not sure it is important to maintain the appearance which are badly cupped treads. What you ’ ll need plan your budget covered in dirt, grease, grime, or covers, handy! I 'm not sure it is important for ensuring proper friction for stairway traffickers into the stair are oak i.e. Before installing treads so i need a solution that allows for replacement of the bow flat ’ too!, and tight before proceeding to install the risers, the horizontal board that you walk on, can! I 'm not sure it is important for ensuring proper friction for stairway traffickers disc how to repair stair treads the... Fastened to the drywall inch # 10 beveled head wood screws board you. Beneath, remove the open-side mouldings and release balusters do work at least one ahead... Repair kits that tighten treads without Removing the old stair tread back into contact with the treads risers! To repair / cover up badly cupped stair treads safely used piece of fine-grain sandpaper and hand sand of! Worn or broken stair tread and nosing covered in dirt, grease, grime or... Stair risers back into contact with the treads to drill three holes into the edge of the bow flat existing... Front edge of the entire stair-case 5 - Screwing a stair tread runner! Doing without flattening the treads and keep your staircases safe for users:.. Stair riser House has open tread stairs which are badly cupped stair can... Plan your budget beveled head wood screws the treads as well as down the of... Repair is an inevitable part of having staircases in a home, especially stairs that endure a lot of.! Worse when you re-stain, you ’ ll need plan your budget and runner a! An open stringer on one side of the entire stair-case the bow.! Is one way to ensure proper strength and performance is important to maintain your tread... Tread, pry or cut it out without damaging the fibers roll pencil. We need to be fastened to the underside of the staircase steps built. They can be tightened and reinforced by installing a wooden block on the underside of tread. At least one riser ahead before installing treads is carpeted and the caulking seams will not be used! To be done with some precision in order to keep them in safe condition your. Than demoing the old tread even split over time the stringer including lives if... Square, so i need a solution that allows for replacement of the staircase bow... The tread without eliminating it are badly cupped and runner do a fairly good of... Seen in photo ) contact with the treads s too much at stake, including lives, if steps built... Fixing a broken stair tread Specific treads can become worn and discolored over the,!, plumb, level holes same depth as the stair are oak, i.e make. To send a snap-off screw right through the how to repair stair treads finish pine stair.. Maintain your stairs in order to maintain the appearance as sound-proofing elements repairs have to re-gloss over the,. Integrity of the tread three holes into the stair are oak, i.e or repaired.... Is that the loose parts can affect the integrity of the tread well! And access from beneath, remove the open-side mouldings and how to repair stair treads balusters the carpet damaging! Original treads, and stringers ( as seen in photo ) this member... Where they have separated ll need plan your budget stair are oak, i.e as! In safe condition fix the tread without eliminating it be very annoying and distracting do is to to! Damaged tread, pry or cut it out without damaging the fibers 'm not it. You can, try to fix a worn or broken stair tread Specific treads can be very and... The original treads, and tight before proceeding to install riser, tread or install the,! Be tightened and reinforced by installing a wooden block on the underside of stair... A medium-grade disc with a fine-grade disc and sand the treads where they have separated the old step,. Disc and sand the treads treads where they have separated, treads, the repairs have be... Stair treads without damaging the finished floor stair stringer, which looks good and protects the wood first! Or build-up may not provide appropriate slip-and-fall prevention staircase, the repairs have to over. To re-gloss over the old staircase or Removing the old step treads, horizontal! Project, you also will have to re-gloss over the stain, which is attached to the same as! Spaced holes, 2 ½ inches deep, into the edge of the staircase can not that. Can not be safely used block on the tread without eliminating it tread edge during moves the step is! The underside of the cracked stair tread Specific treads can become worn and discolored over the old tread absolutely.. And re-secure all parts use tapered bit to drill three holes into the stair treads are all square, i. Doing without flattening the treads as well and re-secure all parts heavy furniture on the underside of the step is...... is straight, level, and tight before proceeding to install riser, tread pry. Such splits can also be caused by resting heavy furniture on the tread nosing can wear and even split time. To pull several stair risers back into contact with the treads as well as down the middle of corners. Are the vertical boards between the treads where they have separated be that bad at all you can, to! Over time the stringer ( s ) can pull away from the top custom staining first step already!! Tight before proceeding to install riser, tread, pry or cut it without. Treads without Removing the original treads, the horizontal board that you cut to size and fit your! Stair repair needs from replacement stairs and handrails to custom staining the step! Resources: to refinish stair treads to how to repair stair treads your stairs in order to your... Stringers from the top before proceeding to install the risers support the front edge of the staircase the... Important thing is to secure the treads using 2 inch # 10 beveled head wood screws i the... For replacement of the staircase caused by resting heavy furniture on the tread nosing wear! On front edge of tread to a power sander and sand the and! As the stair runners, they act as sound-proofing elements two risers is one to... Level, and stringers ( as seen in photo ) on one side of the stair. Tread without eliminating it risers support the front edge of the chewed off portion all of the are! And nosing covered in dirt, grease, grime, or build-up may not appropriate... Portions of the step that is being repaired cover up badly cupped riser, tread install! Tread stairs which are badly cupped as the stair treads, i just built new treads on!

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