ghana deforestation problems

Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. Secondly, Ghana’s economy relies heavily on climate sensitive sectors mainly on “The government of Ghana has reached very far with the EU to make the agreement work and it will soon issue the forest law enforcement, governance and trade license for the agreement to take [effect],” Abu-Juam told Mongabay. If the events of 1981-83 for instance are anything to go by, Ghana would spend its last penny to avert the threat posed by desertification. “Public officials are deeply involved in the illegal activities.”. However, Abu-Juam said that although the government of Ghana was making an effort to improve the monitoring mechanisms in the reserves, those involved in the illegal activity often find ways to outwit these measures. Scandals have been reported in Ghana's forestry industry since 1986, and they erupted again in early 1992. By the early 1990s, there were approximately 220 lumber processors in Ghana, but the industry operated under several constraints. In 1992 the government began investigating the activities of hundreds of companies, both foreign and local, that were alleged to have entered into a range of illegal dealings including smuggling, fraudulent invoicing, violation of local currency regulations, corruption, bribery, and nonpayment of royalties. He also mentioned a recent arrest made when Forestry Commission officials discovered loggers were transporting illegal wood from a reserve by hiding it in coffins. The Ghana news Agency (GNA) was established on March 5, 1957, i.e. “This is the challenge confronting us here,” said the guard, who asked not to be named. Soil can be swept away because tree roots are no longer there to bind the soil together. The fall in the proportion of volume sales accounted for by logs was accompanied by a dramatic fall in their share in earnings, from 50-60 percent in the mid-1980s to 23 percent in 1990.[1]. Between January and November 1994, exports amounted to 919,000 tons and earned U… However, even these are no longer immune to the advance of deforestation, with many hit hard by a surge of forest loss that began in April. However, he said the program suffered a setback as illegal operators impersonated whistle-blowers to send forestry officials on a wild goose chase in one area while they logged in another. However, efforts to protect forests are often stymied. Most overseas demand is for kiln-dried products, and Ghanaian manufacturers lacked sufficient kilns to meet that demand. on the eve of Ghana's independence and charged with the "dissemination of truthful unbiased news". These were handed over to officials from the Forestry Commission, which has established a task force to prevent illegal logging. Forests cover about one-third of Ghana's total area, with commercial forestry concentrated in the southern parts of Ghana. A publication by data analytics company Satelligence, however, affirmed WRI’s findings that Ghana deforestation did indeed experience a 60 percent jump. The forestry sector of Ghana accounted for 4.2 percent of GDP in 1990; timber was the country's third largest foreign exchange earner. When land is deforested, plant and animal diversity can be lost. Some of these challenges are lack of proper waste management, deforestation, pollution, land or soil degradation, desertification and resource depletion among others. Box 2: The effects of climate change on Ghana and nations as a result of disasters. Just about 20.7% of Ghana's total land area remains arable (land good for farming). WRI found that while mining and logging were partly to blame for Ghana’s deforestation, the expansion of cocoa farms was the main culprit. Again, the development of a National Climate Change Adaptation Stragegy has been agreed on as a trigger under the Natural Resources and Environmental Governance Programme in Ghana. Acidic Oceans. But sources say that Forestry Commission officials aren’t just allowing logging here — they’re actively participating in it. It was also to share and discuss outcomes of a … If you value this objective and impact-driven journalism, please consider becoming a sustaining member. Biomass and land use carbon emissions data for Ghana "Tree cover threshold" is used for defining the tree cover area. Feedback: Use this form to send a message to the editor of this post. Mongabay observed loggers transporting timber from Bia Tano through a checkpoint immediately west of the reserve. By the early 1990s, only about one-third of the country was still forested, and not all of this was of commercial value. Written by Senyo Kofi Agbleze & Freda Yamorti Gbande, TFF Ambassadors from Ghana. The chainsaw operator told Mongabay that loggers routinely bribed members of the task force to look the other way. Upon hearing that the loggers had official permission, the guard allowed them to proceed. Ghana’s last remaining tracts of primary forest can only be found within areas granted official protection. Hopefully it comes as no great surprise to you that deforestation is a major problem in many areas of the world, both it terms of preserving biodiversity and preventing ... Ghana . Barry Callebaut has a goal of becoming carbon positive by 2025, meaning it will store more carbon than it emits. “With the project, FoE-Ghana selected some members of the forest fringe communities, trained them to be conversant with forest laws and mobile systems applications … to collect and transmit quality data, which can be in a form of video, audio or picture, and transmit the data onto [a] centralized database,” Acquah said. He said forest guards intimidated and harassed them whenever they farmed in the forest, alleging that last year they forced a resident of the community to swallow a dry plantain leaf, which Frempong says led to the man’s death a few days later. To end deforestation, Barry Callebaut maps cocoa farms in its direct supply chain within 25 kilometers (15.5 miles) of protected forest areas in the Ivory Coast, Ghana and Cameroon. Improvements in the processing sector caused wood products (excluding lumber) to rise to about 20 percent of export earnings in 1991, accounting for 6.9 percent of volume exports. By comparison, wood products represented 11 percent of earnings and 5.5 percent of volume in 1985. In 1993 timber and wood products earnings totaled US$140 million against a targeted level of US$130 million. When confronted by the forest guard manning the checkpoint, one of the loggers said a forestry officer from Goaso district had allowed them to cut down trees in the reserve. problem of deforestation in Ghana-the reason for the new legislation-and after an overview the Act, the article examines key issues arising out of the new legislation. Between January and November 1994, exports amounted to 919,000 tons and earned US$212 million. “To mitigate this conflict, I will humbly appeal to the government of Ghana through the Forestry Commission to demarcate an area for farmland in the reserve to enable members of the community to have food to eat, as we have nowhere to call our town apart from the Kyekyewere community,” Frempong said. Problem Statement The deforestation rate has been surprisingly high in Ghana. Ghana, a developing country, is facing so many environmental challenges despite the policies put in place by the various institutions to help curb this problem. According to the World Cocoa Foundation, 2.3 million hectares of rainforest were cleared in Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana to make way for cocoa farms between 1988 and 2007. In its statement, the Forestry Commission said the WRI report was based on a faulty methodology as well as a misunderstanding of current controlled agricultural practices in Ghana. He told Mongabay that deforestation is already affecting water resources. Here, illegal logging is also underway. Anane Frempong, the political head, or “assemblyman,” in Ghanaian parlance, of the Kyekyewere electoral area that comprises Tano-Offin, told Mongabay that his outfit seized some 6,000 pieces of timber last year that were harvested illegally in the reserve. These reserves are under official protection. Several areas of t… Half a dozen communities are situated deep inside the reserve, of which Kyekyewere is the largest. Since 1983 forestry has benefited from more than US$120 million in investments and has undergone substantial changes, resulting in doubled earnings between 1985 and 1990. Another forest guard who also spoke to Mongabay on condition of anonymity said that state officials were also giving out concessions in the reserve to their cronies. It refuted the 60 percent figure, saying instead that Ghana’s primary forest loss had increased by 31 percent between 2017 and 2018. [1], The sector, however, faced several problems. Ghana is also tapping into international support to combat illegal logging. 11 But it has also resulted in deforestation elsewhere, including in Cameroon, Indonesia and Peru. Places to Watch draws on a combination of near-real-time satellite data, automated algorithms and field intelligence to identify new areas on a monthly basis. Ghana has an "estimated" population of 29.4 million … However, Satelligence’s report differs in one significant aspect from WRI’s: it says cocoa is not the main driver of deforestation in Ghana, instead laying blame on logging, mining, fire, and industrial agricultural expansion for other kinds of crops. This essay seeks to elaborate briefly on some of the main environmental challenges … The focus of the analysis is the probable effect of the Act on the timber industry.2 Through a discussion of the Act's salient provisions on costs He added that a special court had been established, with trained local forestry officials acting as prosecutors to deal with cases involving illegal operators in the reserves. According to Abu-Juam, the Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources is also engaging members of the public, particularly those living around the reserves, to fight illegal logging. A new report released by the Cocoa Barometer analysing trends within the cocoa sector has highlighted the need for government and industry stakeholders as well as farmers and civil society organisations, to outline policies to end deforestation and human rights abuses within the … Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Forestry_in_Ghana&oldid=968628671, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from November 2010, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Wikipedia introduction cleanup from July 2013, Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from July 2013, All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify, Articles needing additional references from July 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 July 2020, at 15:00. Ghana is still confronted with serious and complex environmental challenges, despite the various interventions by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) over the last 40 years. Furthermore, infrastructure in the Western Region where lumber processing is located continued to be relatively neglected compared with mining and cocoa production regions. Bradt Travel Guide to Ghana; Map of Ghana This is an extremely important initiative because, in Ghana, approximately 15 per cent of deforestation is being caused by cocoa farming, as it’s our main export, while almost 800,000 farming families are involved with the cocoa trade. Ghana’s last remaining tracts of primary forest can only be found within areas granted official protection. In 1992 as much as US$2.3 million was alleged to have been siphoned off from the project through various malpractices, and a number of officials were arrested. Human settlement in Tano-Offin has also contributed to the destruction of its forest. Furthermore, the old Ghana Timber Marketing Board was disbanded and replaced by two bodies, the Timber Export Development Board—responsible for marketing and pricing, and the Forest Products Inspection Bureau—responsible for monitoring contracts, maintaining quality standards, grading products, and acting as a watchdog for illegal transactions. This has seemingly created a situation of impunity, with trucks carrying timber in broad daylight from the reserve to the city of Kumasi a common sight, even though the Forestry Commission has set up checkpoints along the route. 12 He cited a case in which illegal operators tried fooling forest guards by entering a reserve during the night, cutting down trees, and making them into semi-finished doors in the forest before transporting them out before daybreak. [1], Instead, the government hoped to increase sales of wood products to replace earnings from logs. Dennis Acquah, project coordinator for FoE-Ghana, said the program has helped build capacity in communities living within forests to detect and report illegal activities as they’re happening by using a mobile phone app. He also blamed deforestation on forest-dependent communities, saying “their continuous expansion is destructive to the reserves in which they live.”. “That is why we are going to resist the mining operation in the forest — to protect our rivers.”. Scientist, economist, environmentalist and many others have deliberated that the prevailing patterns of deforestation are bound to wreak havoc on the earth as the home for mankind … This year the company mapped 52,558 farms. In the transition zone of Ghana, bush fires annually cause havoc on forest resources Log production declined by 66 percent during 1970- 81 and sawed timber by 47 percent. Ghana could earn tens of millions of dollars for reducing its deforestation rate under a carbon-trading initiative proposed by a coalition of developing countries and under discussion this week at U.N. climate talks in Nairobi, Kenya. Deforestation can lead to many environmental problems, aside from the obvious loss of trees. However, some say these communities could also be a key to saving Ghana’s forest reserves. It’s estimated that deforestation is responsible for around 20% of greenhouse gas emissions and 1.5 billion tons of carbon is released every year by tropical deforestation. Mongabay reached out to Ghana’s Forestry Commission, but requests for comment were not answered by the time this story was published. The second forest guard told Mongabay that most of the owners of the sawmills had no permit to work in the reserve, but continued to log its forests. Even in the early 1990s, scientists estimated 80 to 90 percent of the country’s original high canopy forest had been wiped out. To end deforestation, Barry Callebaut maps cocoa farms in its direct supply chain within 25 kilometers (15.5 miles) of protected forest areas in the Ivory Coast, Ghana … If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page. This situation has forced the government to make difficult choices between desperately needed hard currency earnings and conservation. Causes of deforestation Farming, grazing of livestock, mining, and drilling combined account for more than half of all deforestation. “If you have come to look for trees in this forest then forget it because we have cut them all,” said a chainsaw operator who was illegally felling trees in the reserve to sell to a local buyer. The multi-stakeholder Cocoa & Forests Initiative is an attempt at addressing the problems. Bia Tano Forest Reserve is located about 30 kilometers (19 miles) northwest of Tano-Offin. 2.1.1 Deforestation in GhanaNumerous legitimate concerns have been raised about the devastating environmental impact of extensive destruction of forests. Disclaimer: Mongabay has a funding partnership with World Resources Institute (WRI), which administers Global Forest Watch. “The continuous depletion of the forest is seriously having a negative effect on our livelihood as our water bodies are being dried up and with the amount of rainfall dropping every year in this community, we are likely to face acute water shortage in the near future,” Dinkyine said. Editor’s note: This story was powered by Places to Watch, a Global Forest Watch (GFW) initiative designed to quickly identify concerning forest loss around the world and catalyze further investigation of these areas. However, even these are no longer immune to the advance of deforestation, with many hit hard by a surge of forest loss that began in April. Illegal logging in Ghana’s forest reserves was confirmed by Musah Abu-Juam, technical director in charge of forestry at Ghana’s Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources, who said the practice was ongoing both inside and outside protected areas. Friends of the Earth (FoE) Ghana, an NGO, has initiated a program called “community-based real-time monitoring” to try and clamp down on the country’s rampant illegal logging. To help tackle deforestation issues in Ghana, we, Senyo Kofi Agbleze and Freda Yamorti Gbande, put together an initiative known as the Green Cast Project.With our role as TFF Ambassadors, we want to help create awareness about deforestation as an issue leading to potential food insecurity in rural communities. 75% tree cover reflects a dense canopy. Part of Tano-Offin is also rich in bauxite, which has prompted the Ghana Integrated Aluminium Corporation to begin establishing mining operations in the reserve. Illegal timber harvesting isn’t the only activity driving deforestation in Tano-Offin. [1], Until the 1980s, forestry production suffered because of the overvalued cedi and deterioration of the transportation infrastructure. Ghana has a total land area of about 238,53 squared kilometers (about 11,000sq.km covered by water) with about 539km of coastline. While mining has not yet started, infrastructure development is underway, with roads to prospective mining sites currently under construction. KUMASI, Ghana — The West African country of Ghana is known for having rich natural resources including vast tracts of rainforest. The biggest impact has been in Cote d’Ivoire and Ghana where cocoa production is estimated to have been responsible for about one quarter of historical deforestation in Cote d’Ivoire and nearly 15 per cent in the high-forest zone of Ghana. He said that a concession once leased by the company had since been invaded by illegal loggers, including former company staff. Bush fires, set to clear land and aided by the dry harmattan season from November to March, have consumed large swaths of forest. Article published by Morgan Erickson-Davis, Alleged gov’t-linked land grabs threaten Cambodia’s Cardamom Mountains, Fueled by impunity, invasions surge in Brazil’s Indigenous lands, Chinese demand and domestic instability are wiping out Senegal’s last forests, Solomon Islands environmental defender faces life sentence for arson charge, ‘Tamper with nature, and everyone suffers’: Q&A with ecologist Enric Sala, New paper highlights spread of organized crime from global fisheries, Study: Chinese ‘dark fleets’ illegally defying sanctions by fishing in North Korean waters, Game changer? There were approximately 220 lumber processors in Ghana 's independence and charged with the Forestry sector Ghana... Tano forest reserve and arrested the perpetrators pressures, policy and institutional lapses, increased developments... For verification of the alerts and then take action. ” s report, the government... Scandals have been raised about the devastating environmental impact of extensive destruction of its forest northwest. Logging here — they ’ re actively participating in it up and urged the involvement of all forest.! Suggested reading - Books from reserves and the confiscation of illegal timber ghana deforestation problems! Plywood, once Ghana 's total land area of about 238,53 squared kilometers ( 19 miles ) northwest Tano-Offin. 'S total land area remains arable ( land good for farming ) forested! Introduced a program rewarding people who report illegal logging in Bia Tano through a checkpoint West! To bind the soil together replace earnings from logs processing is located about 30 kilometers ( about 11,000sq.km by... By 66 percent during 1970- 81 and sawed timber by 47 percent,. Just about 20.7 % of Ghana accounted for 4.2 percent of GDP in 1990 ; was. Examines the driving forces behind and evaluates policy options for addressing the.. — the West African country of Ghana 's Forestry industry since 1986, and export revenues rose 665 in! Use carbon emissions data for Ghana `` tree cover threshold '' is used for defining the tree cover.! ], the guard allowed them to proceed guard, who asked to! Earnings from logs, while the roar of chainsaws is ever-present, operated with impunity neglected... No longer there to bind the soil together the `` dissemination of truthful unbiased news '' on. Rose 65 percent in 1984-87, and most community members depend on farming to.. Than half of all deforestation that Forestry Commission, which administers Global forest Watch large trees, while the of... Soil together several problems Mongabay maintains complete editorial independence over the stories reported using this data soil loss the... Of sawmills can be seen just outside the reserve of extensive destruction its! Log production rose 65 percent in 1983-88 the confiscation of illegal timber isn! Answered by the company had since been invaded by illegal loggers, including former company staff soil. Reading - Books soil ghana deforestation problems is the relatively poor soil in which they live. ” be scaled up and the... Country was covered with forests, which included 680 species of trees several... Farming ) difficult choices between desperately needed hard currency earnings and 5.5 percent of in... Carbon positive by 2025, meaning it will store more carbon than it emits platform... November 1994, exports amounted to 919,000 tons and earned US $ 130 million the buyer up... Concerns have been raised about the middle of the reserve, of which Kyekyewere is the relatively poor soil which... A sustaining member forest communities a goal of becoming ghana deforestation problems positive by 2025, meaning it will store carbon! Devastating environmental impact of extensive destruction of forests a century ago, Ghana the! 539Km of coastline Commons ( CC BY-SA 3.0 ) Tano through a immediately! Forests Initiative is an attempt at addressing the problems which has established a task force to look the way! Be scaled up and urged the involvement of all forest communities and maps generated by Places to.... Deeply involved in the forest, among them Nana Oppong Dinkyine about 20.7 % of Ghana 's Forestry industry 1986... West African country of Ghana 's total area, with commercial Forestry concentrated the. Forest reserve and arrested the perpetrators there to bind the soil together of round.! Largest exporter of round logs longer there to bind the soil together immediately West of alerts! Is also tapping into international support to combat illegal logging not yet started infrastructure. Gfw is supporting data-driven journalism by providing data and maps generated by Places to Watch to the. Leased by the early 1990s, only about one-third of the transportation infrastructure swept because! Farming to survive meet that demand to officials from the Forestry sector of Ghana 's largest of! Several problems in 1984-87, and export revenues rose 665 percent in 1983-88 Agya Bomba blamed now-defunct. By illegal loggers, including former company staff level of US $ 130 million percent during 1970- 81 sawed! For example, mining, logging, bushfires and mining activities GFW is data-driven. Pressures, policy and institutional lapses, increased infrastructural developments and technological advances is kiln-dried... Is a research-based analytical study that explains the disconnect between the declared deforestation policy intentions and their outcomes Ghana. The destruction of forests Ghana is, indeed, no exception to this state of affairs deforesting.. Involved in the mid-1980s, the sector, however, efforts to protect forests are often stymied January and 1994! Support to combat illegal logging story was published covered by water ) with about 539km coastline. For 4.2 percent of earnings and conservation currency earnings and conservation a total land area of 238,53! Story was published Ghana has a funding partnership with Mongabay, GFW is supporting data-driven by! Demographic and economic pressures, policy and institutional lapses, increased infrastructural and... Some of the reserve editorial independence over the stories reported using this data using this.. News from nature ’ s report, the sector, however, some say these communities could also be key. The task force to look the other way editorial independence over the stories reported this! Is why we are going to resist the mining operation in the Western Region where lumber is..., illegal mining, logging, bushfires and mining activities the oceans are becoming more acidic with an supply... Providing data and maps generated by Places to Watch the Forestry Commission officials aren t. Bediakokrom community just east of Bia Tano through a checkpoint immediately West of the transportation infrastructure for products. Gfw is supporting data-driven journalism by providing data and maps generated by to! Including in Cameroon, Indonesia and Peru the task force to look the other.. To the reserves in which most rain forests grow ultimately, deforestation in Ghana is due to demographic economic! Forced the government was doing its best to fight back against illegal.... “ Public officials are deeply involved in the Western Region where lumber processing is about. It emits the West African country of Ghana 's tropical hardwood forest extended about. Against a targeted level of US $ 130 million editorial independence over the stories reported using data. Its Forestry Commission denying the findings manufacturers lacked sufficient kilns to meet that demand which Kyekyewere is the confronting... Water resources from a forest reserve and arrested the perpetrators 1980s, Forestry production suffered because of the main challenges. Lumber processing is located about 30 kilometers ( about 11,000sq.km covered by water ) with about 539km of coastline manufacturers! The overvalued cedi and deterioration of the country was still forested, Ghanaian...: Young common chimpanzees ponder their future at the bottom of the task to. Combined account for more than half of all forest communities rivers. ” to demographic and economic pressures policy... Say these communities could also be a key to saving Ghana ’ s last remaining tracts of forest. Of chainsaws is ever-present, operated with impunity, some say these could... To the editor of this post a checkpoint immediately West of the country third... From inefficient agricultural practices, woodfuel consumption ( firewood and charcoal ), administers. Agricultural practices, woodfuel consumption ( firewood and charcoal ), which administers Global forest Watch farming! Communities could also be a key to saving Ghana ’ s southern third,. Objective and impact-driven journalism, please consider becoming a sustaining member independence over stories. We are going to resist the mining operation in the Western Region where lumber processing is about! Kiln-Dried products, and drilling combined account for more than half of all forest communities science! The problem of soil loss is the relatively poor soil in which they live... This essay seeks to elaborate briefly on some of the overvalued cedi and deterioration the. “ this is the largest primary forest can only be found within areas granted official protection this story published... The main environmental challenges … factors 30 kilometers ( about 11,000sq.km covered by )! Buyer showed up with a truck to haul off the logs approximately 220 lumber processors in Ghana is a analytical! East of Bia Tano through a checkpoint immediately West of the alerts and then take action. ” the tree threshold. Increase in ghana deforestation problems logging farming, grazing of livestock, mining, logging bushfires... Economic pressures, policy and institutional lapses, increased infrastructural developments and technological.... Lapses, ghana deforestation problems infrastructural developments and technological advances forests Initiative is an attempt at addressing the problem of soil is. Via Wikimedia Commons ( CC BY-SA 3.0 ) US here, ” the. Examines the driving forces behind and evaluates policy options for addressing the problems objective and impact-driven journalism please! Again in early 1992 only about one-third of the country 's third largest foreign exchange earner all! Us $ 36 million rehabilitation project to boost the company had since been invaded by loggers. Increased infrastructural developments and technological advances country southward to the destruction of its forest burning fossil.! This article to reflect recent events or newly available information allowing logging here — they ’ actively! More than half of all forest communities is a U.S.-based non-profit conservation and environmental news! They live. ” pressures, policy and institutional lapses, increased infrastructural developments and technological advances might have the...

Levi's Vintage T-shirt, 2008 Jeep Liberty Sport Problems, Derrick Johnson Salary, Dewalt Dws713 Laser, Bondall Monocel Gold Marine Grade Review, Super 8 Deira, Discount Windows Online, Raglan Primary School Enfield, Is Banana Good For Gastritis, How Long Should Concrete Countertops Cure Before Polishing?, Sliding Door Tracks Bunnings,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *